Incarceration



[in-kahr-suh-rey-shuh n] /ɪnˌkɑr səˈreɪ ʃən/

noun
1.
the act of , or putting in prison or another enclosure:
The incarceration rate has increased dramatically.
n.

early 15c., “retention of pus,” from Medieval Latin incarcerationem (nominative incarceratio), noun of action from past participle stem of incarcerare “to imprison,” from in- “in” (see in- (2)) + carcer “prison, an enclosed space,” from Proto-Italic *kar-kr(o)-, of uncertain origin.

It seems best to connect carcer with other IE words for ‘circle, round object’, such as Latin. curvus, Gr. κιρκος ‘ring’, OIc. hringr, although not all of these have a good IE etymology. The reduplication in Latin carcer could be iconic; thus, the original meaning would have been ‘enclosure’. [de Vaan]

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  • Incarcerative

    [verb in-kahr-suh-reyt; adjective in-kahr-ser-it, -suh-reyt] /verb ɪnˈkɑr səˌreɪt; adjective ɪnˈkɑr sər ɪt, -səˌreɪt/ verb (used with object), incarcerated, incarcerating. 1. to imprison; confine. 2. to enclose; constrict closely. adjective 3. . /ɪnˈkɑːsəˌreɪt/ verb 1. (transitive) to confine or imprison v. 1550s, a back-formation from incarceration, or else from Medieval Latin incarceratus, past participle of incarcerare […]

  • Incardinate

    [in-kahr-dn-eyt] /ɪnˈkɑr dnˌeɪt/ verb (used with object), incardinated, incardinating. 1. to institute as a cardinal. 2. to institute as chief presbyter or priest in a particular church or place. /ɪnˈkɑːdɪˌneɪt/ verb 1. (transitive) (RC Church) to transfer (a cleric) to the jurisdiction of a new bishop



  • Incardination

    [in-kahr-dn-eyt] /ɪnˈkɑr dnˌeɪt/ verb (used with object), incardinated, incardinating. 1. to institute as a cardinal. 2. to institute as chief presbyter or priest in a particular church or place. /ɪnˌkɑːdɪˈneɪʃən/ noun 1. the official acceptance by one diocese of a clergyman from another diocese 2. the promotion of a clergyman to the status of a […]

  • In care of

    Through someone, by way of someone, as in I sent the gift in care of your parents. This phrase indicates that something is to be delivered to someone at someone else’s address. [ Mid-1800s ] Also see: in charge, def. 3.



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