[in-doh-yoo r-uh-pee-uh n] /ˈɪn doʊˌyʊər əˈpi ən/
a large, widespread family of languages, the surviving branches of which include Italic, Slavic, Baltic, Hellenic, Celtic, Germanic, and Indo-Iranian, spoken by about half the world’s population: English, Spanish, German, Latin, Greek, Russian, Albanian, Lithuanian, Armenian, Persian, Hindi, and Hittite are all Indo-European languages.
Compare (def 14).
a member of any of the peoples speaking an Indo-European language.
of or belonging to Indo-European.
speaking an Indo-European language:
an Indo-European people.
denoting, belonging to, or relating to a family of languages that includes English and many other culturally and politically important languages of the world: a characteristic feature, esp of the older languages such as Latin, Greek, and Sanskrit, is inflection showing gender, number, and case
denoting or relating to the hypothetical parent language of this family, primitive Indo-European
denoting, belonging to, or relating to any of the peoples speaking these languages
the Indo-European family of languages
Also called primitive Indo-European, Proto-Indo-European. the reconstructed hypothetical parent language of this family
a member of the prehistoric people who spoke this language
a descendant of this people or a native speaker of an Indo-European language
1814, coined by physician, physicist and Egyptologist Thomas Young (1773-1829) and first used in an article in the “Quarterly Review,” from Indo-, comb. form of Greek Indos “India” + European. “Common to India and Europe,” specifically in reference to the group of related languages and to the race or races characterized by their use. The alternative Indo-Germanic (1835) was coined in German 1823 (indogermanisch), based on the two peoples at the extremes of the geographic area covered by the languages, before Celtic was realized also to be an Indo-European language. After this was proved, many German scholars switched to Indo-European as more accurate, but Indo-Germanic continued in use (popularized by the titles of major works) and the predominance of German scholarship in this field made it the popular term in England, too, through the 19c. See also Aryan.
[in-doh-yoo r-uh-pee-uh-nist] /ˈɪn doʊˌyʊər əˈpi ə nɪst/ noun 1. a linguist specializing in the study, especially the comparative study, of the languages.
[in-doh-jer-man-ik] /ˈɪn doʊ dʒərˈmæn ɪk/ adjective, noun 1. Indo-European (no longer current). adjective, noun 1. (obsolete) another term for Indo-European
[in-doh-hit-ahyt] /ˈɪn doʊˈhɪt aɪt/ noun 1. a language family in which Proto-Anatolian and Proto-Indo-European are considered coordinate. Compare (def 2). noun 1. the Indo-European family of languages: used by scholars who regard Hittite not as a branch of Indo-European but as a related language
[in-doh-i-rey-nee-uh n, -i-rah-, -ahy-rey-] /ˈɪn doʊ ɪˈreɪ ni ən, -ɪˈrɑ-, -aɪˈreɪ-/ noun 1. a branch of the Indo-European family of languages, including the Indic and Iranian subgroups. adjective 2. of or belonging to Indo-Iranian. adjective 1. of or relating to the Indic and Iranian branches of the Indo-European family of languages noun 2. this group […]