a suffix of adjectives of Greek or Latin origin, meaning “of or pertaining to,” “of the nature of,” “made of,” “like”:
asinine; crystalline; equine; marine.
a suffix, of no assignable meaning, appearing in nouns of Greek, Latin, or French origin:
doctrine; famine; routine.
a noun suffix used particularly in chemical terms (bromine; chlorine), and especially in names of basic substances (amine; aniline; caffeine; quinine; quinoline).
Compare 2 .
a suffix of feminine nouns (heroine), given names (Clementine), and titles (landgravine).
/ˈɪnə; ˈɪnɪ/
died after 726, king of Wessex (688–726)
of, relating to, or belonging to: saturnine
consisting of or resembling: crystalline
indicating a halogen: chlorine
indicating a nitrogenous organic compound, including amino acids, alkaloids, and certain other bases: alanine, nicotine, purine
Also -in. indicating a chemical substance in certain nonsystematic names: glycerine
indicating a mixture of hydrocarbons: benzine
indicating a feminine form: heroine
an obsolete equivalent of -yne

suffix used to form adjectives from nouns, from French -ine, fem. of -in, or directly from Latin -inus “of, like.”

chemical suffix, sometimes -in, though modern use distinguishes them; early 19c., from French -ine, from Latin -ina, fem. form of suffix used to form adjectives from nouns. In French commonly used to form words for derived substances, hence its extended use in chemistry.

-ine 2


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