Isolated



[ahy-suh-ley-tid, is-uh-] /ˈaɪ səˌleɪ tɪd, ˈɪs ə-/

adjective
1.
separated from other persons or things; alone; solitary.
[verb ahy-suh-leyt; noun, adjective ahy-suh-lit, -leyt] /verb ˈaɪ səˌleɪt; noun, adjective ˈaɪ sə lɪt, -ˌleɪt/
verb (used with object), isolated, isolating.
1.
to set or place apart; detach or separate so as to be alone.
2.
Medicine/Medical. to keep (an infected person) from contact with noninfected persons; quarantine.
3.
Chemistry, Bacteriology. to obtain (a substance or microorganism) in an uncombined or pure state.
4.
Electricity. to insulate.
5.
Television. to single out (a person, action, etc.) for a camera closeup.
noun
6.
a person, thing, or group that is set apart or isolated, as for purposes of study.
7.
Psychology. a person, often shy or lacking in social skills, who avoids the company of others and has no friends within a group.
8.
Biology. an inbreeding population that is isolated from similar populations by physiological, behavioral, or geographic barriers.
9.
Also called language isolate. Linguistics. a language with no demonstrable genetic relationship, as Basque.
10.
something that has been isolated, as a by-product in a manufacturing process:
an isolate of soy flour.
adjective
11.
isolated; alone.
verb (transitive) (ˈaɪsəˌleɪt)
1.
to place apart; cause to be alone
2.
(med) to quarantine (a person or animal) having or suspected of having a contagious disease
3.
to obtain (a compound) in an uncombined form
4.
to obtain pure cultures of (bacteria, esp those causing a particular disease)
5.
(electronics) to prevent interaction between (circuits, components, etc); insulate
noun (ˈaɪsəlɪt)
6.
an isolated person or group
adj.

1763, from French isolé “isolated” (17c.) + English -ated (see -ate (2)). The French word is from Italian isolato, from Latin insulatus “made into an island,” from insula “island.” The French word was used at first in English (isole, also isole’d, c.1750), then after isolate became an English word, isolated became its past participle.
v.

by 1786, a new formation from isolated (q.v.).

The translation of this work is well performed, excepting that fault from which few translations are wholly exempt, and which is daily tending to corrupt our language, the adoption of French expressions. We have here evasion for escape, twice or more times repeated; brigands very frequently; we have the unnecessary and foolish word isolate; and, if we mistake not, paralize, which at least has crept in through a similar channel. Translators cannot be too careful on this point, as it is a temptation to which they are constantly exposed. [“The British Critic,” April 1799]

As a noun from 1890, from earlier adjectival use (1819).

isolate i·so·late (ī’sə-lāt’)
v. i·so·lat·ed, i·so·lat·ing, i·so·lates

n. (-lĭt, -lāt’)
A bacterial or fungal strain that has been isolated.i’so·la’tor n.

compact

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