Jin



[jin] /dʒɪn/

noun, plural jins (especially collectively) jin. Islamic Mythology.
1.
.
[jin] /dʒɪn/
Australian Informal.
1.
6 .
[jin] /dʒɪn/
noun, Pinyin.
1.
.
[jin] /dʒɪn/
noun, plural jinns (especially collectively) jinn. Islamic Mythology.
1.
any of a class of spirits, lower than the angels, capable of appearing in human and animal forms and influencing humankind for either good or evil.
[jin] /dʒɪn/
noun
1.
Also, Tsin. any of three dynasties that ruled in China, a.d. 265–316 (the Western Chin), a.d. 317–420 (the Eastern Chin), and a.d. 936–46 (the Later Chin).
2.
a dynasty that ruled in China 1115–1234.
[jin] /dʒɪn/
noun, Australian Informal.
1.
a female Aborigine.
2.
an Aboriginal wife.
/dʒiːn/
noun
1.
(Mandarin) Chinese name for catty2
/tʃɪn/
noun
1.
the protruding part of the lower jaw
2.
the front part of the face below the lips related adjective genial
3.
keep one’s chin up, to keep cheerful under difficult circumstances Sometimes shortened to chin up!
4.
(informal) take it on the chin, to face squarely up to a defeat, adversity, etc
verb chins, chinning, chinned
5.
(gymnastics) to raise one’s chin to (a horizontal bar, etc) when hanging by the arms
6.
(transitive) (informal) to punch or hit (someone) on the chin
/dʒɪn/
noun
1.
an alcoholic drink obtained by distillation and rectification of the grain of malted barley, rye, or maize, flavoured with juniper berries
2.
any of various grain spirits flavoured with other fruit or aromatic essences: sloe gin
3.
an alcoholic drink made from any rectified spirit
/dʒɪn/
noun
1.
a primitive engine in which a vertical shaft is turned by horses driving a horizontal beam or yoke in a circle
2.
Also called cotton gin. a machine of this type used for separating seeds from raw cotton
3.
a trap for catching small mammals, consisting of a noose of thin strong wire
4.
a hand-operated hoist that consists of a drum winder turned by a crank
verb (transitive) gins, ginning, ginned
5.
to free (cotton) of seeds with a gin
6.
to trap or snare (game) with a gin
/ɡɪn/
verb gins, ginning, gan, gun
1.
an archaic word for begin
/ɡɪn/
conjunction
1.
(Scot) if
/dʒɪn/
noun
1.
(Austral, offensive, slang) an Aboriginal woman
/dʒɪn/
noun
1.
(often functioning as sing) the plural of jinni
n.

Old English cin, cinn “chin” (but in some compounds suggesting an older, broader sense of “jawbone”); a general Germanic word (cf. Old Saxon and Old High German kinni; Old Norse kinn; German Kinn “chin;” Gothic kinnus “cheek”), from PIE root *genu- “chin, jawbone” (cf. Sanskrit hanuh, Avestan zanu- “chin;” Armenian cnawt “jawbone, cheek;” Lithuanian žándas “jawbone;” Greek genus “lower jaw,” geneion “chin;” Old Irish gin “mouth,” Welsh gen “jawbone, chin”).
v.

1590s, “to press (affectionately) chin to chin,” from chin (n.). Meaning “to bring to the chin” (of a fiddle) is from 1869. Slang meaning “talk, gossip” is from 1883, American English. Related: Chinned; chinning. Athletic sense of “raise one’s chin over” (a raised bar, for exercise) is from 1880s.
n.

1680s, djen, from Arabic jinn, collective plural, “demons, spirits, angels.” The proper singular is jinni. Cf. genie.
n.

“type of distilled drinking alcohol,” 1714, shortening of geneva, altered (by influence of the similarity of the name of the Swiss city, with which it has no other connection) from Dutch genever “juniper” (because the alcohol was flavored with its berries), from Old French genevre, from Vulgar Latin *jeniperus, from Latin juniperus “juniper” (see juniper). Gin and tonic attested by 1873; gin-sling by 1790. Card game gin rummy first attested 1941 (described in “Life” that year as the latest Hollywood fad).

“machine for separating cotton from seeds,” 1796, American English, used earlier of various other machineries, from Middle English gin “ingenious device, contrivance” (c.1200), from Old French gin “machine, device, scheme,” shortened form of engin, from Latin ingenium (see engine). The verb in this sense is recorded from 1789.
v.

in slang phrase gin up “enliven, make more exciting,” 1887, probably from earlier ginger up in same sense (1849), from ginger in sense of “spice, pizzazz;” specifically in reference to the treatment described in the 1811 slang dictionary under the entry for feague:

… to put ginger up a horse’s fundament, and formerly, as it is said, a live eel, to make him lively and carry his tail well; it is said, a forfeit is incurred by any horse-dealer’s servant, who shall shew a horse without first feaguing him. Feague is used, figuratively, for encouraging or spiriting one up.

“to begin,” c.1200, ginnen, shortened form of beginnen (see begin).

chin (chĭn)
n.
The prominence formed by the anterior projection of the lower jaw.

noun

A talk; a chat (1890s+)

verb

Related Terms

take it on the chin, wag one’s chin

noun

A street fight; rumble

verb

To fight; scuffle

Related Terms

bathtub gin

[1950s+ Black & street gang; origin unknown]
1.
Children’s Health Information Network
2.
Community Health Information Network
Greenland-Iceland-Norway

a trap. (1.) Ps. 140:5, 141:9, Amos 3:5, the Hebrew word used, _mokesh_, means a noose or “snare,” as it is elsewhere rendered (Ps. 18:5; Prov. 13:14, etc.). (2.) Job 18:9, Isa. 8:14, Heb. pah, a plate or thin layer; and hence a net, a snare, trap, especially of a fowler (Ps. 69: 22, “Let their table before them become a net;” Amos 3:5, “Doth a bird fall into a net [pah] upon the ground where there is no trap-stick [mokesh] for her? doth the net [pah] spring up from the ground and take nothing at all?”, Gesenius.)

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