a public officer authorized to hear and decide cases in a court of law; a magistrate charged with the administration of justice.
a person appointed to decide in any competition, contest, or matter at issue; authorized arbiter:
the judges of a beauty contest.
a person qualified to pass a critical :
a good judge of horses.
an administrative head of Israel in the period between the death of Joshua and the accession to the throne by Saul.
(especially in rural areas) a county official with supervisory duties, often employed part-time or on an honorary basis.
verb (used with object), judged, judging.
to pass legal on; pass sentence on (a person):
The court judged him guilty.
to hear evidence or legal arguments in (a case) in order to pass ; ; try:
The Supreme Court is judging that case.
to form a or opinion of; decide upon critically:
You can’t judge a book by its cover.
to decide or settle authoritatively; adjudge:
The censor judged the book obscene and forbade its sale.
to infer, think, or hold as an opinion; conclude about or assess:
He judged her to be correct.
to make a careful guess about; estimate:
We judged the distance to be about four miles.
(of the ancient Hebrew judges) to govern.
verb (used without object), judged, judging.
to act as a judge; pass :
No one would judge between us.
to form an opinion or estimate:
I have heard the evidence and will judge accordingly.
to make a mental .
a public official with authority to hear cases in a court of law and pronounce judgment upon them Compare magistrate (sense 1), justice (sense 5), justice (sense 6) related adjective judicial
a person who is appointed to determine the result of contests or competitions
a person qualified to comment critically: a good judge of antiques
a leader of the peoples of Israel from Joshua’s death to the accession of Saul
to hear and decide upon (a case at law)
(transitive) to pass judgment on; sentence
(when transitive, may take a clause as object or an infinitive) to decide or deem (something) after inquiry or deliberation
to determine the result of (a contest or competition)
to appraise (something) critically
(transitive; takes a clause as object) to believe (something) to be the case; suspect
c.1300, “to form an opinion about; make a decision,” also “to try and pronounce sentence upon (someone) in a court,” from Anglo-French juger, Old French jugier “to judge, pronounce judgment; pass an opinion on,” from Latin iudicare “to judge, to examine officially; form an opinion upon; pronounce judgment,” from iudicem (nominative iudex) “a judge,” a compound of ius “right, law” (see just (adj.)) + root of dicere “to say” (see diction). Related: Judged; judging. From mid-14c. as “to regard, consider.” The Old English word was deman (see doom). Spelling with -dg- emerged mid-15c.
mid-14c. (early 13c. as a surname), also judge-man; see judge (v.). In Hebrew history, it refers to a war leader vested with temporary power (e.g. Book of Judges), from Latin iudex being used to translate Hebrew shophet.
(Heb. shophet, pl. shophetim), properly a magistrate or ruler, rather than one who judges in the sense of trying a cause. This is the name given to those rulers who presided over the affairs of the Israelites during the interval between the death of Joshua and the accession of Saul (Judg. 2:18), a period of general anarchy and confusion. “The office of judges or regents was held during life, but it was not hereditary, neither could they appoint their successors. Their authority was limited by the law alone, and in doubtful cases they were directed to consult the divine King through the priest by Urim and Thummim (Num. 27:21). Their authority extended only over those tribes by whom they had been elected or acknowledged. There was no income attached to their office, and they bore no external marks of dignity. The only cases of direct divine appointment are those of Gideon and Samson, and the latter stood in the peculiar position of having been from before his birth ordained ‘to begin to deliver Israel.’ Deborah was called to deliver Israel, but was already a judge. Samuel was called by the Lord to be a prophet but not a judge, which ensued from the high gifts the people recognized as dwelling in him; and as to Eli, the office of judge seems to have devolved naturally or rather ex officio upon him.” Of five of the judges, Tola (Judg. 10:1), Jair (3), Ibzan, Elon, and Abdon (12:8-15), we have no record at all beyond the bare fact that they were judges. Sacred history is not the history of individuals but of the kingdom of God in its onward progress. In Ex. 2:14 Moses is so styled. This fact may indicate that while for revenue purposes the “taskmasters” were over the people, they were yet, just as at a later time when under the Romans, governed by their own rulers.
In addition to the idiom beginning with
[juhj] /dʒʌdʒ/ noun 1. a public officer authorized to hear and decide cases in a court of law; a magistrate charged with the administration of justice. 2. a person appointed to decide in any competition, contest, or matter at issue; authorized arbiter: the judges of a beauty contest. 3. a person qualified to pass a […]
noun 1. the personification of lynch law.
[juhj-meyd] /ˈdʒʌdʒˌmeɪd/ adjective 1. established by a court, as by an application or interpretation of a law that is allegedly contrary to the intentions of the enacting body or by a decision that does not rest on legislation. adjective 1. based on a judge’s interpretation or decision (esp in the phrase judge-made law)
[juhj-muh nt] /ˈdʒʌdʒ mənt/ noun 1. an act or instance of judging. 2. the ability to judge, make a decision, or form an opinion objectively, authoritatively, and wisely, especially in matters affecting action; good sense; discretion: a man of sound judgment. 3. the demonstration or exercise of such ability or capacity: The major was decorated […]