Jumper



[juhm-per] /ˈdʒʌm pər/

noun
1.
a person or thing that .
2.
Basketball. .
3.
Sports. a participant in a jumping event, as in track or skiing.
4.
Manège. a horse specially trained to jump obstacles.
5.
a boring tool or device worked with a jumping motion.
6.
Also called jump wire. Electricity. a short length of conductor used to make a connection, usually temporary, between terminals of a circuit or to bypass a circuit.
7.
Also called jumper cable. .
8.
a kind of sled.
9.
Also called jumper stay. Nautical. a line preventing the end of a spar or boom from being lifted out of place.
10.
any of various fishes that leap from the water, as the striped mullet or jumprock.
[juhm-per] /ˈdʒʌm pər/
noun
1.
a one-piece, sleeveless dress, or a skirt with straps and a complete or partial bodice, usually worn over a blouse by women and children.
2.
a loose outer jacket worn especially by workers and sailors.
3.
British. a pullover sweater.
4.
jumpers, (def 2).
[juhmp] /dʒʌmp/
verb (used without object)
1.
to spring clear of the ground or other support by a sudden muscular effort; leap:
to jump into the air; to jump out a window.
2.
to rise suddenly or quickly:
He jumped from his seat when she entered.
3.
to move or jerk suddenly, as from surprise or shock:
He jumped when the firecracker exploded.
4.
to obey quickly and energetically; hustle:
The waiter was told to jump when the captain signaled.
5.
Informal. to be full of activity; bustle:
The whole town is jumping with excitement.
6.
to start a campaign, program, military attack, etc.; launch an activity, especially of major proportions (usually followed by off):
The march jumped off early in the morning.
7.
Checkers. to move from one side of an opponent’s piece to a vacant square on the opposite side, thus capturing the opponent’s piece.
8.
to rise suddenly in amount, price, etc.:
Costs jumped again this quarter.
9.
to pass abruptly, ignoring intervening steps or deliberation:
to jump to a conclusion.
10.
to change abruptly:
The traffic light jumped from green to red.
11.
to move or change suddenly, haphazardly, aimlessly, or after a short period:
He jumped from job to job.
12.
to pass or go aimlessly:
He jumped from one thing to another without being able to concentrate on anything.
13.
to omit letters, numbers, etc.; skip:
This typewriter jumps and needs repairing.
14.
to parachute from an airplane.
15.
to take eagerly; seize (often followed by at):
He jumped at the offer of a free trip.
16.
to enter into something with vigor (usually followed by in or into):
She jumped into the discussion right away.
17.
to advance rapidly from one level to another, especially in rank; pass through or skip intermediate stages in a forward or upward progression:
He jumped from clerk to general manager in a year.
18.
Movies. (of a shot or frame) to fail to line up properly with the preceding or following frames because of a mechanical fault in the camera or projector.
19.
Bridge. to make a :
She jumped from three clubs to four spades.
20.
Journalism. (of newspaper copy) to continue on a subsequent page, following intervening copy (opposed to ).
verb (used with object)
21.
to leap or spring over:
to jump a narrow stream.
22.
to cause to leap:
She jumped the horse over the fence.
23.
to skip or pass over; bypass:
to jump the third grade in school.
24.
to elevate or advance, especially in rank, by causing to skip or pass rapidly through intermediate stages:
The boss jumped his son from mail clerk to plant manager.
25.
to move past or start before (a signal); anticipate:
One car jumped the red light and collided with a truck.
26.
to increase sharply:
The store jumped its prices.
27.
Checkers. to capture (an opponent’s piece) by leaping over.
28.
to attack or pounce upon without warning, as from ambush:
The thugs jumped him in a dark alley.
29.
Bridge. to raise (the bid) by more than necessary to reach the next bidding level, especially as a signal to one’s partner.
30.
Informal.

31.
to seize or occupy illegally or forcibly (a mining claim or the like), as on the ground of some flaw in the holder’s title.
32.
(of trains, trolleys, etc.) to spring off or leave (the track).
33.
to get on board (a train, bus, etc.) quickly or with little planning or preparation for the trip:
He jumped a plane for Chicago.
34.
Journalism. to continue (a story) from one page to another over intervening copy.
35.
Metalworking. to thicken (a bar or the like) by striking the end; upset (often followed by up).
36.
Slang: Vulgar. to engage in an act of coitus with.
37.
to connect (a dead battery) to a live battery by attaching booster cables between the respective terminals.
noun
38.
an act or instance of jumping; leap.
39.
a space, obstacle, apparatus, or the like, cleared or to be cleared in a leap.
40.
a short or hurried journey.
41.
a descent by parachute from an airplane.
42.
a sudden rise in amount, price, etc.:
a considerable jump in the stock market.
43.
a sudden upward or other movement of an inanimate object.
44.
an abrupt transition from one point or thing to another, with omission of what intervenes:
The speaker made an unexplained jump in topic.
45.
a move or one of a series of moves:
The gangster stayed one jump ahead of the police.
46.
Sports. any of several contests that feature a leap or jump.
Compare , .
47.
Movies. a break in the continuity of action due to a failure to match the action of one frame with the following one of the same scene.
48.
a sudden start as from nervous excitement:
He gave a jump when the firecracker went off.
49.
Checkers. the act of taking an opponent’s piece by leaping over it to an unoccupied square.
50.
the jumps, Informal. restlessness; nervousness; anxiety.
51.
Also called breakover. Journalism. the part of a story continued on another page.
52.
Mathematics. the difference in limit values at a of a given function.
53.
Automotive. (def 1).
adjective
54.
Jazz.

adverb
55.
Obsolete. exactly; precisely.
Verb phrases
56.
jump on, to blame or rebuke; reprimand:
He’ll jump on anyone who contradicts him.
Idioms
57.
get / have the jump on, to get or have a head start or an initial advantage over:
They got the jump on us in selling the item, but we finally caught up.
58.
jump aboard / on board, to join a group, activity, etc., especially one that has been operating or functioning for some time:
After some hesitation, he jumped aboard and contributed heavily to the campaign.
59.
jump all over someone, to reprimand; criticize:
You don’t have to jump all over me just because I’m a little late.
60.
jump bail. 1 (def 8).
61.
jump down someone’s throat. (def 12).
62.
jump in / into with both feet, to join or enter into exuberantly, eagerly, hastily, etc.
63.
jump ship. 1 (def 15).
64.
jump the gun. 1 (def 15).
65.
jump the shark. 1 (def 2).
66.
on the jump, in a hurry; running about:
Lively youngsters keep their parents on the jump.
/ˈdʒʌmpə/
noun
1.
(mainly Brit) a knitted or crocheted garment covering the upper part of the body
2.
(US & Canadian) Also called pinafore dress. a sleeveless dress worn over a blouse or sweater
/ˈdʒʌmpə/
noun
1.
a boring tool that works by repeated impact, such as a steel bit in a hammer drill used in boring rock
2.
Also called jumper cable, jumper lead. a short length of wire used to make a connection, usually temporarily, between terminals or to bypass a component
3.
a type of sled with a high crosspiece
4.
a person or animal that jumps
5.
(Irish, derogatory, slang) a person who changes religion; a convert
/dʒʌmp/
verb
1.
(intransitive) to leap or spring clear of the ground or other surface by using the muscles in the legs and feet
2.
(transitive) to leap over or clear (an obstacle): to jump a gap
3.
(transitive) to cause to leap over an obstacle: to jump a horse over a hedge
4.
(intransitive) to move or proceed hastily (into, onto, out of, etc): she jumped into a taxi and was off
5.
(transitive) (informal) to board so as to travel illegally on: he jumped the train as it was leaving
6.
(intransitive) to parachute from an aircraft
7.
(intransitive) to jerk or start, as with astonishment, surprise, etc: she jumped when she heard the explosion
8.
to rise or cause to rise suddenly or abruptly
9.
to pass or skip over (intervening objects or matter): she jumped a few lines and then continued reading
10.
(intransitive) to change from one thing to another, esp from one subject to another
11.
(transitive) to drill by means of a jumper
12.
(intransitive) (of a film)

13.
(transitive) (US) to promote in rank, esp unexpectedly or to a higher rank than expected
14.
(transitive) to start (a car) using jump leads
15.
(draughts) to capture (an opponent’s piece) by moving one of one’s own pieces over it to an unoccupied square
16.
(intransitive) (bridge) to bid in response to one’s partner at a higher level than is necessary, to indicate a strong hand
17.
(transitive) to come off (a track, rail, etc): the locomotive jumped the rails
18.
(intransitive) (of the stylus of a record player) to be jerked out of the groove
19.
(intransitive) (slang) to be lively: the party was jumping when I arrived
20.
(transitive) (informal) to attack without warning: thieves jumped the old man as he walked through the park
21.
(transitive) (informal) (of a driver or a motor vehicle) to pass through (a red traffic light) or move away from (traffic lights) before they change to green
22.
(transitive) (Brit, slang) (of a man) to have sexual intercourse with
23.
jump bail, to forfeit one’s bail by failing to appear in court, esp by absconding
24.
(informal) jump down someone’s throat, to address or reply to someone with unexpected sharpness
25.
jump ship, to desert, esp to leave a ship in which one is legally bound to serve
26.
jump the queue, See queue-jump
27.
(informal) jump to it, to begin something quickly and efficiently
noun
28.
an act or instance of jumping
29.
a space, distance, or obstacle to be jumped or that has been jumped
30.
a descent by parachute from an aircraft
31.
(sport) any of several contests involving a jump: the high jump
32.
a sudden rise: the jump in prices last month
33.
a sudden or abrupt transition
34.
a sudden jerk or involuntary muscular spasm, esp as a reaction of surprise
35.
a step or degree: one jump ahead
36.
(draughts) a move that captures an opponent’s piece by jumping over it
37.
(films)

38.
(computing) another name for branch (sense 7)
39.
(Brit, slang) an act of sexual intercourse
40.
(informal, mainly US & Canadian) on the jump

41.
(Brit, informal) take a running jump, a contemptuous expression of dismissal
n.

1610s, “one who jumps,” agent noun from jump (v.). The word meaning “sleeveless dress” (1853) apparently is from mid-17c. jump “short coat,” also “woman’s under bodice,” of uncertain origin, perhaps from French jupe “skirt” (see jupe). Meaning “sleeveless dress worn over a blouse” first recorded American English 1939.
v.

1520s, perhaps imitative (cf. bump); another theory derives it from words in Gallo-Romance dialects of southwestern France (cf. jumba “to rock, to balance, swing,” yumpa “to rock”), picked up during English occupation in Hundred Years War. Superseded native leap, bound, and spring in most senses. Meaning “to attack” is from 1789; that of “to do the sex act with” is from 1630s. Related: Jumped; jumping. To jump to a conclusion is from 1704. Jumping-rope is from 1805. Jump in a lake “go away and stop being a pest” attested from 1912.
n.

1550s, “act of jumping,” from jump (v.). Meaning “jazz music with a strong beat” first recorded 1937, in Count Basie’s “One O’Clock Jump.” Jump suit “one-piece coverall modeled on those worn by paratroopers and skydivers” is from 1948.

Related Terms

puddle-jumper, tree jumper

modifier

: a jump tune/ jump music

noun

verb

Related Terms

get the jump on someone or something, have the jump

hardware
A removable wire or small plug whose presence or absence is used to determine some aspect of hardware configuration.
(1995-03-14)

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