Language



[lang-gwij] /ˈlæŋ gwɪdʒ/

noun
1.
a body of words and the systems for their use common to a people who are of the same community or nation, the same geographical area, or the same cultural tradition:
the two languages of Belgium; a Bantu language; the French language; the Yiddish language.
2.
communication by voice in the distinctively human manner, using arbitrary sounds in conventional ways with conventional meanings; speech.
3.
the system of linguistic signs or symbols considered in the abstract (opposed to ).
4.
any set or system of such symbols as used in a more or less uniform fashion by a number of people, who are thus enabled to communicate intelligibly with one another.
5.
any system of formalized symbols, signs, sounds, gestures, or the like used or conceived as a means of communicating thought, emotion, etc.:
the language of mathematics; sign language.
6.
the means of communication used by animals:
the language of birds.
7.
communication of meaning in any way; medium that is expressive, significant, etc.:
the language of flowers; the language of art.
8.
linguistics; the study of language.
9.
the speech or phraseology peculiar to a class, profession, etc.; lexis; jargon.
10.
a particular manner of verbal expression:
flowery language.
11.
choice of words or style of writing; diction:
the language of poetry.
12.
Computers. a set of characters and symbols and syntactic rules for their combination and use, by means of which a computer can be given directions:
The language of many commercial application programs is COBOL.
13.
a nation or people considered in terms of their speech.
14.
Archaic. faculty or power of speech.
/ˈlæŋɡwɪdʒ/
noun
1.
a system for the expression of thoughts, feelings, etc, by the use of spoken sounds or conventional symbols
2.
the faculty for the use of such systems, which is a distinguishing characteristic of man as compared with other animals
3.
the language of a particular nation or people: the French language
4.
any other systematic or nonsystematic means of communicating, such as gesture or animal sounds: the language of love
5.
the specialized vocabulary used by a particular group: medical language
6.
a particular manner or style of verbal expression: your language is disgusting
7.
(computing) See programming language
8.
speak the same language, to communicate with understanding because of common background, values, etc
n.

late 13c., langage “words, what is said, conversation, talk,” from Old French langage (12c.), from Vulgar Latin *linguaticum, from Latin lingua “tongue,” also “speech, language” (see lingual). The form with -u- developed in Anglo-French. Meaning “a language” is from c.1300, also used in Middle English of dialects:

Mercii, þat beeþ men of myddel Engelond[,] vnderstondeþ bettre þe side langages, norþerne and souþerne, þan norþerne and souþerne vnderstondeþ eiþer oþer. [John of Trevisa, translation of Bartholomew de Glanville’s “De proprietatibus rerum,” 1398]

In oþir inglis was it drawin, And turnid ic haue it til ur awin Language of the norþin lede, Þat can na noþir inglis rede. [“Cursor Mundi,” early 14c.]

Language barrier attested from 1933.

language
(lāng’gwĭj)

1. programming language.
2. natural language.
(1998-09-07)

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