[leesh-man-ee-uh, -mey-nee-uh, lahysh-] /liʃˈmæn i ə, -ˈmeɪ ni ə, laɪʃ-/
any parasitic flagellate protozoan of the genus Leishmania, occurring in vertebrates in an oval or spherical, nonflagellate form, and in invertebrates in an elongated, flagellated form.
any parasitic flagellate protozoan of the genus Leishmania: infects humans and animals and causes diseases ranging from skin lesions to potentially fatal organ damage
Leishmania Leish·man·i·a (lēsh-mān’ē-ə, -mā’nē-ə)
A genus of flagellate protozoa, several species of which cause leishmanisis; all species are indistinguishable morphologically but may be separated by their serological reactions, by their geographic distribution, by their developmental patterns in their sandfly hosts, and by their clinical manifestations of leishmaniasis.
- Leishmania aethiopica
Leishmania aethiopica Leishmania ae·thi·o·pi·ca (ē’thē-ō’pĭ-kə) n. The protazoan that causes cutaneous leishmaniasis in Ethiopia and Kenya.
- Leishmania braziliensis
Leishmania braziliensis Leishmania bra·zil·i·en·sis (brə-zĭl’ē-ěn’sĭs) n. The protazoan that includes subspecies that cause mucocutaneous leishmaniasis.
- Leishmania donovani
Leishmania donovani Leishmania don·o·van·i (dŏn’ə-vān’ī, -vā’nī) n. The protazoan that includes subspecies that cause visceral leishmaniasis.
- Leishmania mexicana
Leishmania mexicana Leishmania mex·i·ca·na (měk’sĭ-kā’nə) n. The protozoan that includes subspecies that cause cutaneous leishmaniasis and diffuse cutaneous leishmaniasis.