(“the Great”; “the Sun King”) 1638–1715, king of France 1643–1715 (son of Louis XIII).
known as le roi soleil (the Sun King). 1638–1715, king of France (1643–1715); son of Louis XIII and Anne of Austria. Effective ruler from 1661, he established an absolute monarchy. His attempt to establish French supremacy in Europe, waging almost continual wars from 1667 to 1714, ultimately failed. But his reign is regarded as a golden age of French literature and art
Louis XIV [(looh-ee)]
A king of France in the seventeenth and early eighteenth centuries. Louis was known as the Sun King for his power and splendor. By inviting French nobles to live in luxury at his palace at Versailles, he removed them as threats and greatly increased his own power. He is known for saying, “L’état, c’est moi” (“I am the state”).
- Louis XV
noun 1. 1710–74, king of France 1715–74 (great grandson of Louis XIV). noun 1. 1710–74, king of France (1715–74); great-grandson of Louis XIV. He engaged France in a series of wars, esp the disastrous Seven Years’ War (1756–63), which undermined the solvency and authority of the crown
- Louis XVI
noun 1. 1754–93, king of France 1774–92 (grandson of Louis XV and husband of Marie Antoinette). noun 1. 1754–93, king of France (1774–92); grandson of Louis XV. He married Marie Antoinette in 1770 and they were guillotined during the French Revolution Louis XVI [(looh-ee)] The last king of France before the French Revolution; the husband […]
- Louis XVII
noun 1. (“Louis Charles of France”) 1785–95, titular king of France 1793–95 (son of Louis XVI). noun 1. 1785–95, titular king of France (1793–95) during the Revolution, after the execution of his father Louis XVI; he died in prison
- Louis XVIII
noun 1. (Louis Xavier Stanislas) 1755–1824, king of France 1814–15, 1815–24 (brother of Louis XVI). noun 1. 1755–1824, king of France (1814–24); younger brother of Louis XVI. He became titular king after the death of Louis XVII (1795) and ascended the throne at the Bourbon restoration in 1814. He was forced to flee during the […]