Louis



[loo-ee; French lwee] /ˈlu i; French lwi/

noun, plural louis
[loo-eez; French lwee] /ˈlu iz; French lwi/ (Show IPA)
1.
.
[loo-is or for 2, loo-ee] /ˈlu ɪs or for 2, ˈlu i/
noun
1.
Joe (Joseph Louis Barrow) 1914–81, U.S. boxer: world heavyweight champion 1937–49.
2.
a male given name: from a Germanic word meaning “loud battle.”.
[loo-ee, loo-is; French lwee] /ˈlu i, ˈlu ɪs; French lwi/
noun
1.
(“le Débonaire”; “the Pious”) a.d. 788–840, king of France and Germany 814–840; emperor of the Holy Roman Empire 814–840 (son of Charlemagne).
noun
1.
German Ludwig II. (“the German”) a.d. 804?–876, king of Germany 843–876 (son of Louis I).
2.
a.d. 822?–875, king of Italy 844–875; emperor of the Holy Roman Empire 855–875 (son of Lothair I).
noun
1.
(“the Bavarian”) 1287?–1347, king of Germany (1314–47); emperor of the Holy Roman Empire 1328–47.
noun
1.
(“le Fainéant”) a.d. 967?–987, king of France 986–987: last Carolingian to rule France.
noun
1.
(“the Fat”) 1081–1137, king of France 1108–37.
noun
1.
(“the Young”) 1121?–80, king of France 1137–80 (son of Louis VI).
noun
1.
Saint, 1214?–70, king of France 1226–70.
noun
1.
1423–83, king of France 1461–83 (son of Charles VII).
noun
1.
(“the Father of the People”) 1462–1515, king of France 1498–1515.
noun
1.
1601–43, king of France 1610–43 (son of Henry IV of Navarre).
noun
1.
(“the Great”; “the Sun King”) 1638–1715, king of France 1643–1715 (son of Louis XIII).
noun
1.
1710–74, king of France 1715–74 (great grandson of Louis XIV).
noun
1.
1754–93, king of France 1774–92 (grandson of Louis XV and husband of Marie Antoinette).
noun
1.
(“Louis Charles of France”) 1785–95, titular king of France 1793–95 (son of Louis XVI).
noun
1.
(Louis Xavier Stanislas) 1755–1824, king of France 1814–15, 1815–24 (brother of Louis XVI).
/ˈluːɪ; French lwi/
noun (pl) louis (ˈluːɪz; French) (lwi)
1.
short for louis d’or
/ˈluːɪs/
noun
1.
Joe, real name Joseph Louis Barrow, nicknamed the Brown Bomber. 1914–81, US boxer; world heavyweight champion (1937–49)
/ˈluːɪ; French lwi/
noun
1.
known as Louis the Pious or Louis the Debonair. 778–840 ad, king of France and Holy Roman Emperor (814–23, 830–33, 834–40): he was twice deposed by his sons
noun
1.
known as Louis the German. ?804–876 ad, king of Germany (843–76); son of Louis I
2.
1845–86, king of Bavaria (1864–86): noted for his extravagant castles and his patronage of Wagner. Declared insane (1886), he drowned himself
3.
de Bourbon. See (Prince de) Condé
noun
1.
known as Louis the Bavarian. ?1287–1347, king of Germany (1314–47) and Holy Roman Emperor (1328–47)
noun
1.
known as Saint Louis. 1214–70, king of France (1226–70): led the Sixth Crusade (1248–54) and was held to ransom (1250); died at Tunis while on another crusade
noun
1.
known as Louis le Fainéant. ?967–987 ad, last Carolingian king of France (986–87)
noun
1.
known as Louis le Jeune. c. 1120–80, king of France (1137–80). He engaged in frequent hostilities (1152–74) with Henry II of England
noun
1.
1423–83, king of France (1461–83); involved in a struggle with his vassals, esp the duke of Burgundy, in his attempt to unite France under an absolute monarchy
noun
1.
1462–1515, king of France (1498–1515), who fought a series of unsuccessful wars in Italy
noun
1.
1601–43, king of France (1610–43). His mother (Marie de Médicis) was regent until 1617; after 1624 he was influenced by his chief minister Richelieu
noun
1.
known as le roi soleil (the Sun King). 1638–1715, king of France (1643–1715); son of Louis XIII and Anne of Austria. Effective ruler from 1661, he established an absolute monarchy. His attempt to establish French supremacy in Europe, waging almost continual wars from 1667 to 1714, ultimately failed. But his reign is regarded as a golden age of French literature and art
noun
1.
1710–74, king of France (1715–74); great-grandson of Louis XIV. He engaged France in a series of wars, esp the disastrous Seven Years’ War (1756–63), which undermined the solvency and authority of the crown
noun
1.
1754–93, king of France (1774–92); grandson of Louis XV. He married Marie Antoinette in 1770 and they were guillotined during the French Revolution
noun
1.
1785–95, titular king of France (1793–95) during the Revolution, after the execution of his father Louis XVI; he died in prison
noun
1.
1755–1824, king of France (1814–24); younger brother of Louis XVI. He became titular king after the death of Louis XVII (1795) and ascended the throne at the Bourbon restoration in 1814. He was forced to flee during the Hundred Days

masc. proper name, from French Louis, from Old French Loois, probably via Medieval Latin Ludovicus, a Latinization of Old High German Hluodowig, literally “famous in war” (cf. Clovis; for etymology, see Ludwig). Louis Quatorze (1855) refers to styles reminiscent of the time of King Louis XIV of France (1643-1715).
Louis XIV [(looh-ee)]

A king of France in the seventeenth and early eighteenth centuries. Louis was known as the Sun King for his power and splendor. By inviting French nobles to live in luxury at his palace at Versailles, he removed them as threats and greatly increased his own power. He is known for saying, “L’état, c’est moi” (“I am the state”).
Louis XVI [(looh-ee)]

The last king of France before the French Revolution; the husband of Marie Antoinette. He at first accepted a change from absolute monarchy (see ancien régime) to constitutional monarchy in France. Then he tried to flee the country and was brought back a prisoner. Radicals, including the Jacobins, assumed control of the revolution and had Louis and Marie Antoinette beheaded for treason.

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