Mannequin



[man-i-kin] /ˈmæn ɪ kɪn/

noun
1.
a styled and three-dimensional representation of the human form used in window displays, as of clothing; dummy.
2.
a wooden figure or model of the human figure used by tailors, dress designers, etc., for fitting or making clothes.
3.
a person employed to wear clothing to be photographed or to be displayed before customers, buyers, etc.; a clothes model.
4.
(def 1).
/ˈmænɪkɪn/
noun
1.
a woman who wears the clothes displayed at a fashion show; model
2.
a life-size dummy of the human body used to fit or display clothes
3.
(arts) another name for lay figure
n.

1902, “model to display clothes,” from French mannequin (15c.), from Dutch manneken (see manikin). A French form of the same word that yielded manikin, and sometimes mannequin was used in English in a sense “artificial man” (especially in translations of Hugo). Originally of persons, in a sense where we might use “model.”

A mannequin is a good-looking, admirably formed young lady, whose mission is to dress herself in her employer’s latest “creations,” and to impart to them the grace which only perfect forms can give. Her grammar may be bad, and her temper worse, but she must have the chic the Parisienne possesses, no matter whether she hails from the aristocratic Faubourg St. Germain or from the Faubourg Montmartre. [“The Bystander,” Aug. 15, 1906]

Later (by 1939) of artificial model figures to display clothing.

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