a suffix of nouns, often concrete, denoting an action or resulting state (abridgment; refreshment), a product (fragment), or means (ornament).
indicating state, condition, or quality: enjoyment
indicating the result or product of an action: embankment
indicating process or action: management
suffix forming nouns, originally from French and representing Latin -mentum, which was added to verb stems sometimes to represent the result or product of the action. French inserts an -e- between the verbal root and the suffix (e.g. commenc-e-ment from commenc-er; with verbs in ir, -i- is inserted instead (e.g. sent-i-ment from sentir). Used with English verb stems from 16c. (e.g. merriment, which also illustrates the habit of turning -y to -i- before this suffix).
[men-tl] /ˈmɛn tl/ adjective 1. of or relating to the mind: mental powers; mental suffering. 2. of, relating to, or affected by a disorder of the mind: a mental patient; mental illness. 3. providing care for persons with disordered minds, emotions, etc.: a mental hospital. 4. performed by or existing in the mind: mental arithmetic; […]
noun, Psychology. 1. the level of native mental ability or capacity of an individual, usually as determined by an intelligence test, in relation to the chronological age of the average individual at this level: a ten-year-old child with the mental age of a twelve-year-old; a mental age of twelve. noun 1. (psychol) the mental ability […]
- Mental artery
mental artery n. An artery that is the terminal branch of the inferior alveolar artery, with distribution to the chin.
- Mental block
noun 1. See block (sense 21)