a prefix applied to various parts of speech, meaning “ill,” “mistaken,” “wrong,” “wrongly,” “incorrectly,” or simply negating:
mistrial; misprint; mistrust.
variant of before some vowels:
wrong, bad, or erroneous; wrongly, badly, or erroneously: misunderstanding, misfortune, misspelling, mistreat, mislead
lack of; not: mistrust
a variant of miso-
prefix meaning “bad, wrong,” from Old English mis-, from Proto-Germanic *missa- “divergent, astray” (cf. Old Frisian and Old Saxon mis-, Middle Dutch misse-, Old High German missa-, German miß-, Old Norse mis-, Gothic missa-), perhaps literally “in a changed manner,” and with a root sense of “difference, change” (cf. Gothic misso “mutually”), and thus from PIE *mit-to-, from root *mei- “to change” (see mutable); cf. Watkins.
Others [Barnhart] see in Proto-Germanic *missa- the stem of an ancient past participle, related to Old English missan “fail to hit” (see miss (v.)), which is from the same PIE root.
Productive as word-forming element in Old English (e.g. mislæran “to give bad advice, teach amiss”). In 14c.-16c. in a few verbs its sense began to be felt as “unfavorably” and was used as an intensive prefix with verbs already expressing negative feeling (e.g. misdoubt). Practically a separate word in Old and early Middle English (and often written as such). Old English also had an adjective (mislic “diverse, unlike, various”) and an adverb (mislice “in various directions, wrongly, astray”) derived from it, corresponding to German misslich (adj.).
in mischief, miscreant, etc., represents Old French mes- “bad, badly, wrong, wrongly,” from Vulgar Latin minus-, from Latin minus “less” (see minus), which was not used as a prefix. Perhaps influenced in Old French by *miss-, the Frankish equivalent of mis- (1).
Bad; badly; wrong; wrongly: misdiagnosis.
Variant of miso-.
[uh-kyoozd] /əˈkyuzd/ adjective 1. charged with a crime, wrongdoing, fault, etc.: the accused boy. noun 2. a person or persons charged in a court of law with a crime, offense, etc. (often preceded by the). /əˈkjuːzd/ noun 1. (law) the accused, the defendant or defendants appearing on a criminal charge n. “person charged with a […]
[akt] /ækt/ noun 1. anything done, being done, or to be done; deed; performance: a heroic act. 2. the process of doing: caught in the act. 3. a formal decision, law, or the like, by a legislature, ruler, court, or other authority; decree or edict; statute; judgment, resolve, or award: an act of Congress. 4. […]
[uh-dapt] /əˈdæpt/ verb (used with object) 1. to make suitable to requirements or conditions; adjust or modify fittingly: They adapted themselves to the change quickly. He adapted the novel for movies. verb (used without object) 2. to adjust oneself to different conditions, environment, etc.: to adapt easily to all circumstances. /əˈdæpt/ verb 1. (often foll […]
[ad] /æd/ verb (used with object) 1. to unite or join so as to increase the number, quantity, size, or importance: to add two cups of sugar; to add a postscript to her letter; to add insult to injury. 2. to find the sum of (often followed by up): Add this column of figures. Add […]