Myth



[mith] /mɪθ/

noun
1.
a traditional or legendary story, usually concerning some being or hero or event, with or without a determinable basis of fact or a natural explanation, especially one that is concerned with deities or demigods and explains some practice, rite, or phenomenon of nature.
2.
stories or matter of this kind:
realm of myth.
3.
any invented story, idea, or concept:
His account of the event is pure myth.
4.
an imaginary or fictitious thing or person.
5.
an unproved or false collective belief that is used to justify a social institution.
1.
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2.
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/mɪθ/
noun
1.

2.
a person or thing whose existence is fictional or unproven
3.
(in modern literature) a theme or character type embodying an idea: Hemingway’s myth of the male hero
4.
(philosophy) (esp in the writings of Plato) an allegory or parable
abbreviation
1.
mythological
2.
mythology
n.

1830, from French Mythe (1818) and directly from Modern Latin mythus, from Greek mythos “speech, thought, story, myth, anything delivered by word of mouth,” of unknown origin.

Myths are “stories about divine beings, generally arranged in a coherent system; they are revered as true and sacred; they are endorsed by rulers and priests; and closely linked to religion. Once this link is broken, and the actors in the story are not regarded as gods but as human heroes, giants or fairies, it is no longer a myth but a folktale. Where the central actor is divine but the story is trivial … the result is religious legend, not myth.” [J. Simpson & S. Roud, “Dictionary of English Folklore,” Oxford, 2000, p.254]

General sense of “untrue story, rumor” is from 1840.

1.
mythological
2.
mythology

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    [mith-i-kuh l] /ˈmɪθ ɪ kəl/ adjective 1. pertaining to, of the nature of, or involving a . 2. dealt with in , as a prehistoric period. 3. dealing with , as writing. 4. existing only in , as a person. 5. without foundation in fact; imaginary; fictitious: The explanation was entirely mythical. /ˈmɪθɪkəl/ adjective 1. […]

  • Mythical

    [mith-i-kuh l] /ˈmɪθ ɪ kəl/ adjective 1. pertaining to, of the nature of, or involving a . 2. dealt with in , as a prehistoric period. 3. dealing with , as writing. 4. existing only in , as a person. 5. without foundation in fact; imaginary; fictitious: The explanation was entirely mythical. /ˈmɪθɪkəl/ adjective 1. […]



  • Mythically

    [mith-i-kuh l] /ˈmɪθ ɪ kəl/ adjective 1. pertaining to, of the nature of, or involving a . 2. dealt with in , as a prehistoric period. 3. dealing with , as writing. 4. existing only in , as a person. 5. without foundation in fact; imaginary; fictitious: The explanation was entirely mythical. /ˈmɪθɪkəl/ adjective 1. […]

  • Mythicization

    [mith-uh-sahyz] /ˈmɪθ əˌsaɪz/ verb (used with object), mythicized, mythicizing. 1. to turn into, treat, or explain as a myth. /ˈmɪθɪˌsaɪz/ verb 1. (transitive) to make into or treat as a myth



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