[nach-er-uh l, nach-ruh l] /ˈnætʃ ər əl, ˈnætʃ rəl/
existing in or formed by nature (opposed to ):
a natural bridge.
based on the state of things in nature; constituted by nature:
Growth is a natural process.
of or relating to nature or the universe:
of, relating to, or occupied with the study of natural science:
conducting natural experiments.
in a state of nature; uncultivated, as land.
growing spontaneously, without being planted or tended by human hand, as vegetation.
having undergone little or no processing and containing no chemical additives:
natural food; natural ingredients.
Compare (def 11).
having a real or physical existence, as opposed to one that is spiritual, intellectual, fictitious, etc.
of, relating to, or proper to the nature or essential constitution:
proper to the circumstances of the case:
a natural result of his greed.
free from affectation or constraint:
a natural manner.
arising easily or spontaneously:
a natural courtesy to strangers.
consonant with the nature or character of.
in accordance with the nature of things:
It was natural that he should hit back.
based upon the innate moral feeling of humankind:
in conformity with the ordinary course of nature; not unusual or exceptional.
happening in the ordinary or usual course of things, without the intervention of accident, violence, etc.
related only by birth; of no legal relationship; illegitimate:
a natural son.
related by blood rather than by adoption.
based on what is learned from nature rather than on revelation.
true to or closely imitating nature:
a natural representation.
unenlightened or unregenerate:
the natural man.
being such by nature; born such:
a natural fool.
not treated, tanned, refined, etc.; in its original or raw state:
natural wood; natural cowhide.
(of a horn or trumpet) having neither side holes nor valves.
not tinted or colored; undyed.
having a pale tannish or grayish-yellow color, as many woods and untreated animal skins.
having or showing feelings, as affection, gratitude, or kindness, considered part of basic human nature.
any person or thing that is or is likely or certain to be very suitable to and successful in an endeavor without much training or difficulty.
Cards. (def 2b).
(in craps) a winning combination of seven or eleven made on the first cast.
a natural substance or a product made with such a substance:
an ointment containing mink oil and other naturals.
of, existing in, or produced by nature: natural science, natural cliffs
in accordance with human nature: it is only natural to want to be liked
as is normal or to be expected; ordinary or logical: the natural course of events
not acquired; innate: a natural gift for sport
being so through innate qualities: a natural leader
not supernatural or strange: natural phenomena
not constrained or affected; genuine or spontaneous
not artificially dyed or coloured: a natural blonde
following or resembling nature or life; lifelike: she looked more natural without her make-up
not affected by man or civilization; uncultivated; wild: in the natural state this animal is not ferocious
being or made from organic material; not synthetic: a natural fibre like cotton
illegitimate; born out of wedlock
not adopted but rather related by blood: her natural parents
(music) of or relating to a trumpet, horn, etc, without valves or keys, on which only notes of the harmonic series of the keynote can be obtained
determined by inborn conviction: natural justice, natural rights
based on the principles and findings of human reason and what is to be learned of God from nature rather than on revelation: natural religion
(informal) a person or thing regarded as certain to qualify for success, selection, etc: the horse was a natural for first place
(pontoon) the combination of an ace with a ten or court card when dealt to a player as his or her first two cards
(obsolete) an imbecile; idiot
“normality,” early 15c., from natural (adj.) + -ness.
c.1300, naturel, “of one’s inborn character; hereditary, by birth;” early 14c. as “of the world of nature (especially as opposed to man),” from Old French naturel “of nature, conforming to nature; by birth,” and directly from Latin naturalis “by birth, according to nature,” from natura “nature” (see nature).
From late 15c. as “not miraculous, in conformity with nature.” Meaning “easy, free from affectation” is attested from c.1600. Of things, “not artificially created,” c.1600. As a euphemism for “illegitimate, bastard” (of children), it is first recorded c.1400, on notion of blood kinship (but not legal status).
Natural science is from late 14c.; natural law is from early 15c. Natural order “apparent order in nature” is from 1690s. Natural childbirth first attested 1933. Natural life, usually in reference to the duration of life, is from late 15c. Natural history is from 1560s (see history). To die of natural causes is from 1570s.
“person with a natural gift or talent,” 1925, originally in prizefighting, from natural (adj.). In Middle English, the word as a noun meant “natural capacity, physical ability or power” (early 14c.), and it was common in sense “a native of a place” in Shakespeare’s day. Also in 17c., “a mistress.”
see under big as life
noun 1. a positive integer or zero. noun 1. any of the numbers 0,1,2,3,4,… that can be used to count the members of a set; the non-negative integers natural number A positive integer.
noun 1. .
noun, Law. 1. See under (def 12). [pur-suh n] /ˈpɜr sən/ noun 1. a human being, whether an adult or child: The table seats four persons. 2. a human being as distinguished from an animal or a thing. 3. an individual human being who likes or prefers something specified (used in combination): I’ve never been […]
noun 1. . 2. . noun 1. (now only used in Scottish universities) physical science, esp physics