[net-l] /ˈnɛt l/
any plant of the genus Urtica, covered with stinging hairs.
any of various allied or similar plants.
verb (used with object), nettled, nettling.
to irritate, annoy, or provoke.
to sting as a nettle does.
grasp the nettle, Australian. to undertake or tackle an unpleasant task.
any weedy plant of the temperate urticaceous genus Urtica, such as U. dioica (stinging nettle), having serrated leaves with stinging hairs and greenish flowers
any of various other urticaceous plants with stinging hairs or spines
any of various plants that resemble urticaceous nettles, such as the dead-nettle, hemp nettle, and horse nettle
grasp the nettle, to attempt or approach something with boldness and courage
to bother; irritate
to sting as a nettle does
“vexed, irritated,” c.1400, figurative adjectival use of past participle of nettle (v.).
stinging plant, Old English netele, from Proto-Germanic *natilon (cf. Old Saxon netila, Middle Dutch netele, Dutch netel, German Nessel, M.Da. nædlæ “nettle”), diminutive of *naton, perhaps from PIE root *ned- “to twist, knot” (see net (n.)). “[N]ettles or plants of closely related genera such as hemp were used as a source of fiber” [Watkins].
c.1400, “to beat with nettles,” from nettle (n.). Figurative sense of “irritate, provoke” is from 1560s. Related: Nettled; nettling.
(1.) Heb. haral, “pricking” or “burning,” Prov. 24:30, 31 (R.V. marg., “wild vetches”); Job 30:7; Zeph. 2:9. Many have supposed that some thorny or prickly plant is intended by this word, such as the bramble, the thistle, the wild plum, the cactus or prickly pear, etc. It may probably be a species of mustard, the Sinapis arvensis, which is a pernicious weed abounding in corn-fields. Tristram thinks that this word “designates the prickly acanthus (Acanthus spinosus), a very common and troublesome weed in the plains of Palestine.” (2.) Heb. qimmosh, Isa. 34:13; Hos. 9:6; Prov. 24:31 (in both versions, “thorns”). This word has been regarded as denoting thorns, thistles, wild camomile; but probably it is correctly rendered “nettle,” the Urtica pilulifera, “a tall and vigorous plant, often 6 feet high, the sting of which is much more severe and irritating than that of our common nettle.”
noun 1. the plant family Urticaceae, characterized by herbaceous plants, trees, and shrubs, sometimes covered with stinging hairs, having alternate or opposite simple leaves, clusters of small flowers, and small, dry, seedlike fruit, and including baby’s-tears, clearweed, nettles of the genus Urtica, and ramie.
[net-l-fish] /ˈnɛt lˌfɪʃ/ noun, plural (especially collectively) nettlefish (especially referring to two or more kinds or species) nettlefishes. 1. .
noun, Pathology. 1. urticaria resulting from contact with various plants causing local irritation. noun 1. a nontechnical name for urticaria nettle rash net·tle rash (nět’l) n. See urticaria.
[net-l-suh m] /ˈnɛt l səm/ adjective 1. causing irritation, vexation, or annoyance: to cope with a nettlesome situation. 2. easily provoked or annoyed: to become nettlesome over trivial matters. /ˈnɛtəlsəm/ adjective 1. causing or susceptible to irritation adj. 1766, from nettle (n.) + -some (1).