(Gérard de Bourgogne) died 1061, pope 1058–61.
1868–1918, czar of Russia 1894–1917: executed 1918.
1868–1918, tsar of Russia (1894–1917). After the disastrous Russo-Japanese War (1904–05), he was forced to summon a representative assembly, but his continued autocracy and incompetence precipitated the Russian Revolution (1917): he abdicated and was shot
- Nicholas III
noun 1. (Giovanni Gaetani Orsini) died 1280, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 1277–80.
- Nicholas IV
noun 1. (Girolamo Masci) died 1292, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 1288–92.
- Nicholas of cusa
/ˈkjuːzə/ noun 1. 1401–64, German cardinal, philosopher, and mathematician: anticipated Copernicus in asserting that the earth revolves around the sun
- Nicholas ridley
[rid-lee] /ˈrɪd li/ noun 1. Nicholas, c1500–55, English bishop, reformer, and martyr. 2. a town in SE Pennsylvania, near Philadelphia. /ˈrɪdlɪ/ noun 1. Nicholas. ?1500–55, English bishop, who helped to revise the liturgy under Edward VI. He was burnt at the stake for refusing to disavow his Protestant beliefs when Mary I assumed the throne