[nahy-truh-fahy] /ˈnaɪ trəˌfaɪ/
verb (used with object), nitrified, nitrifying.
to oxidize (ammonia, ammonium compounds, or atmospheric nitrogen) to nitrites, , or their respective acids, especially by bacterial action.
to impregnate with or compounds.
to treat or combine with or its compounds.
(formerly) to convert into niter.
verb (transitive) -fies, -fying, -fied
to treat or cause to react with nitrogen or a nitrogen compound
to treat (soil) with nitrates
(of nitrobacteria) to convert (ammonium compounds) into nitrates by oxidation
- Nitrifying bacteria
nitrifying bacteria (nī’trə-fī’ĭng) Any of various soil bacteria that change ammonia or ammonium into nitrite or change nitrite into nitrate as part of the nitrogen cycle. Bacteria of the genus Nitrosomonas are the primary converters of ammonium into nitrite (which is actually toxic to plants), and bacteria of the genus Nitrobacter oxidize the nitrite to […]
[nahy-tril, -treel, -trahyl] /ˈnaɪ trɪl, -tril, -traɪl/ noun, Chemistry. 1. any of a class of organic compounds with the general formula RC≡N. /ˈnaɪtrɪl; -traɪl/ noun 1. any one of a class of organic compounds containing the monovalent group -CN Also called (not in technical usage) cyanide nitrile ni·trile or ni·tril (nī’trəl) n. An organic cyanide […]
noun, Chemistry. 1. a synthetic rubber obtained by the copolymerization of acrylonitrile and butadiene, noted for its oil resistance.
nitrilo- pref. Containing trivalent nitrogen bonded to three identical groups: nitrilotriacetic acid.