[pi-kyoo-nee-er-ee] /pɪˈkyu niˌɛr i/
of or relating to money:
consisting of or given or exacted in money or monetary payments:
(of a crime, violation, etc.) involving a money penalty or fine.
consisting of or relating to money
(law) (of an offence) involving a monetary penalty
c.1500, from Latin pecuniarius “pertaining to money,” from pecunia “money, property, wealth,” from pecu “cattle, flock,” from PIE root *peku- “wealth, movable property, livestock” (cf. Sanskrit pasu- “cattle,” Gothic faihu “money, fortune,” Old English feoh “cattle, money”).
Livestock was the measure of wealth in the ancient world. For a possible parallel sense development in Old English, see fee, and cf., evolving in the other direction, cattle. Cf. also Welsh tlws “jewel,” cognate with Irish tlus “cattle,” connected via notion of “valuable thing.”
[ped-uh-goj-ik, -goh-jik] /ˌpɛd əˈgɒdʒ ɪk, -ˈgoʊ dʒɪk/ adjective 1. of or relating to a pedagogue or . adj. 1781, from Latin paedagogicus, from Greek paidagogikos “suitable for a teacher,” from paidagogos “teacher” (see pedagogue).
[pi-jawr-uh-tiv, -jor-, pej-uh-rey-, pee-juh-] /pɪˈdʒɔr ə tɪv, -ˈdʒɒr-, ˈpɛdʒ əˌreɪ-, ˈpi dʒə-/ adjective 1. having a disparaging, derogatory, or belittling effect or force: the pejorative affix -ling in princeling. noun 2. a pejorative form or word, as poetaster. /pɪˈdʒɒrətɪv; ˈpiːdʒər-/ adjective 1. (of words, expressions, etc) having an unpleasant or disparaging connotation noun 2. a […]
[puh-laj-ik] /pəˈlædʒ ɪk/ adjective 1. of or relating to the open seas or oceans. 2. living or growing at or near the surface of the ocean, far from land, as certain organisms. /pɛˈlædʒɪk/ adjective 1. of or relating to the open sea: pelagic whaling 2. (of marine life) living or occurring in the upper waters […]
[peen-l] /ˈpin l/ adjective 1. of, relating to, or involving punishment, as for crimes or offenses. 2. prescribing punishment: penal laws. 3. constituting punishment: He survived the years of penal hardship. 4. used as a place of confinement and punishment: a penal colony. 5. subject to or incurring punishment: a penal offense. 6. payable or […]