[peen-l] /ˈpin l/
of, relating to, or involving punishment, as for crimes or offenses.
He survived the years of penal hardship.
used as a place of confinement and punishment:
a penal colony.
subject to or incurring punishment:
a penal offense.
payable or forfeitable as a penalty:
a penal sum.
of, relating to, constituting, or prescribing punishment
payable as a penalty: a penal sum
used or designated as a place of punishment: a penal institution
“pertaining to punishment,” mid-15c., from Old French peinal (12c., Modern French pénal) and directly from Medieval Latin penalis, from Latin poenalis “pertaining to punishment,” from poena “punishment,” from Greek poine “blood-money, fine, penalty, punishment,” from PIE *kwoina, from root *kwei- “to pay, atone, compensate” (cf. Greek time “price, worth, honor, esteem, respect,” tinein “to pay a price, punish, take vengeance;” Sanskrit cinoti “observes, notes;” Avestan kaena “punishment, vengeance;” Old Church Slavonic cena “honor, price;” Lithuanian kaina “value, price”).
nonpenetrance non·pen·e·trance (nŏn-pěn’ĭ-trəns) n.
- Nonpenetrant trait
nonpenetrant trait non·pen·e·trant trait (nŏn-pěn’ĭ-trənt) n. A genetic trait that is not manifested phenotypically because of factors outside its own locus.
[pen-i-trey-ting] /ˈpɛn ɪˌtreɪ tɪŋ/ adjective 1. able or tending to ; piercing; sharp: a penetrating shriek; a penetrating glance. 2. acute; discerning: a penetrating observation. 3. Surgery. noting a wound that pierces the skin, especially a deep wound entering an organ or body cavity. /ˈpɛnɪˌtreɪtɪŋ/ adjective 1. tending to or able to penetrate: a penetrating […]
- Nonpenetrating wound
nonpenetrating wound non·pen·e·trat·ing wound (nŏn-pěn’ĭ-trā’tĭng) n. A wound, especially to the thorax or abdomen, produced without disruption of the surface of the body.