Nonwork



[wurk] /wɜrk/

noun
1.
exertion or effort directed to produce or accomplish something; labor; toil.
2.
productive or operative activity.
3.
employment, as in some form of industry, especially as a means of earning one’s livelihood:
to look for work.
4.
one’s place of employment:
Don’t phone him at work.
5.
something on which exertion or labor is expended; a task or undertaking:
The students finished their work in class.
6.
materials, things, etc., on which one is working or is to work.
7.
the result of exertion, labor, or activity; a deed or performance.
8.
a product of exertion, labor, or activity:
musical works.
9.
Often, works. an engineering structure, as a building or bridge.
10.
a building, wall, trench, or the like, constructed or made as a means of fortification.
11.
works.

12.
Physics. force times the distance through which it acts; specifically, the transference of energy equal to the product of the component of a force that acts in the direction of the motion of the point of application of the force and the distance through which the point of application moves.
13.
the works, Informal.

adjective
14.
of, for, or concerning work:
work clothes.
15.
shaped and planed; .
verb (used without object), worked or (Archaic) wrought; working.
16.
to do work; labor.
17.
to be employed, especially as a means of earning one’s livelihood:
He hasn’t worked for six weeks.
18.
to be in operation, as a machine:
The water should not be disconnected while the pump is working.
19.
to act or operate effectively:
We all agree that this plan works.
20.
to attain a specified condition, as by repeated movement:
The nails worked loose.
21.
to have an effect or influence, as on a person or on the mind or feelings of a person.
22.
to move in agitation, as the features under strong emotion.
23.
to make way with effort or under stress:
The ship works to windward.
24.
Nautical. to give slightly at the joints, as a vessel under strain at sea.
25.
Machinery. to move improperly, as from defective fitting of parts or from wear.
26.
to undergo treatment by labor in a given way:
This dough works slowly.
27.
to ferment, as a liquid.
verb (used with object), worked or ( Archaic, except for 29, 31, 34 ) wrought; working.
28.
to use or manage (an apparatus, contrivance, etc.): It is easy to work the camera in this mobile device.
She can work many power tools.
29.
to bring about (any result) by or as by work or effort:
to work a change.
30.
to manipulate or treat by labor:
to work butter.
31.
to put into effective operation.
32.
to operate (a mine, farm, etc.) for productive purposes:
to work a coal mine.
33.
to carry on operations in (a district or region).
34.
to make, fashion, or execute by work.
35.
to achieve or win by work or effort:
to work one’s passage.
36.
to keep (a person, a horse, etc.) at work:
She works her employees hard.
37.
to cause a strong emotion in:
to work a crowd into a frenzy.
38.
to influence or persuade, especially insidiously:
to work other people to one’s will.
39.
Informal. to exploit (someone or something) to one’s advantage:
See if you can work your uncle for a new car. He worked his charm in landing a new job.
40.
to make or decorate by needlework or embroidery:
She worked a needlepoint cushion.
41.
to cause fermentation in.
Verb phrases
42.
work in/into,

43.
work off,

44.
work on/upon, to exercise influence on; persuade; affect:
I’ll work on her, and maybe she’ll change her mind.
45.
work out,

46.
work over,

47.
work through, to deal with successfully; come to terms with:
to work through one’s feelings of guilt.
48.
work up,

49.
work up to, rise to a higher position; advance:
He worked up to the presidency.
Idioms
50.
at work,

51.
gum up the works, Slang. to spoil something, as through blundering or stupidity:
The surprise party was all arranged, but her little brother gummed up the works and told her.
52.
in the works, in preparation or being planned:
A musical version of the book is in the works.
53.
make short work of, to finish or dispose of quickly:
We made short work of the chocolate layer cake.
54.
out of work, unemployed; jobless:
Many people in the area were out of work.
55.
shoot the works, Slang. to spend all one’s resources:
Let’s shoot the works and order the crêpes suzette.
56.
work it, Informal.

/wɜːk/
noun
1.
physical or mental effort directed towards doing or making something
2.
paid employment at a job or a trade, occupation, or profession
3.
a duty, task, or undertaking
4.
something done, made, etc, as a result of effort or exertion: a work of art
5.
materials or tasks on which to expend effort or exertion
6.
another word for workmanship (sense 3)
7.
the place, office, etc, where a person is employed
8.
any piece of material that is undergoing a manufacturing operation or process; workpiece
9.

10.
an engineering structure such as a bridge, building, etc
11.
(physics) the transfer of energy expressed as the product of a force and the distance through which its point of application moves in the direction of the force Abbreviation W, w
12.
a structure, wall, etc, built or used as part of a fortification system
13.
at work

14.
(informal) make short work of, to handle or dispose of very quickly
15.
(modifier) of, relating to, or used for work: work clothes, a work permit
verb
16.
(intransitive) to exert effort in order to do, make, or perform something
17.
(intransitive) to be employed
18.
(transitive) to carry on operations, activity, etc, in (a place or area): that salesman works the southern region
19.
(transitive) to cause to labour or toil: he works his men hard
20.
to operate or cause to operate, esp properly or effectively: to work a lathe, that clock doesn’t work
21.
(transitive) to till or cultivate (land)
22.
to handle or manipulate or be handled or manipulated: to work dough
23.
to shape, form, or process or be shaped, formed, or processed: to work copper
24.
to reach or cause to reach a specific condition, esp gradually: the rope worked loose
25.
(transitive) (mainly US & Canadian) to solve (a mathematical problem)
26.
(intransitive) to move in agitation: his face worked with anger
27.
(transitive) often foll by up. to provoke or arouse: to work someone into a frenzy
28.
(transitive) to effect or accomplish: to work one’s revenge
29.
to make (one’s way) with effort: he worked his way through the crowd
30.
(transitive) to make or decorate by hand in embroidery, tapestry, etc: she was working a sampler
31.
(intransitive) (of a mechanism) to move in a loose or otherwise imperfect fashion
32.
(intransitive) (of liquids) to ferment, as in brewing
33.
(transitive) (informal) to manipulate or exploit to one’s own advantage
34.
(transitive) (slang) to cheat or swindle
n.

Old English weorc, worc “something done, deed, action, proceeding, business, military fortification,” from Proto-Germanic *werkan (cf. Old Saxon, Old Frisian, Dutch werk, Old Norse verk, Middle Dutch warc, Old High German werah, German Werk, Gothic gawaurki), from PIE root *werg- “to work” (see urge (v.)).

Work is less boring than amusing oneself. [Baudelaire, “Mon Coeur mis a nu,” 1862]

In Old English, the noun also had the sense of “fornication.” Workhouse in the sense of “place where the poor or petty criminals are lodged” first appeared 1650s. Works “industrial place” (usually with qualifying adj.) is attested from 1580s. Work ethic recorded from 1959.

v.

a fusion of Old English wyrcan (past tense worhte, past participle geworht), from Proto-Germanic *wurkijanan; and Old English wircan (Mercian) “to work, operate, function,” formed relatively late from Proto-Germanic noun *werkan (see work (n.)). Related: Worked; working. Working class is from 1789 as a noun, 1839 as an adjective.
work
(wûrk)
The transfer of energy from one object to another, especially in order to make the second object move in a certain direction. Work is equal to the amount of force multiplied by the distance over which it is applied. If a force of 10 newtons, for example, is applied over a distance of 3 meters, the work is equal to 30 newtons per meter, or 30 joules. The unit for measuring work is the same as that for energy in any system of units, since work is simply a transfer of energy. Compare energy, power.

In physics, the product of a force applied, and the distance through which that force acts.

noun

The mouth

In addition to the idioms beginning with
word

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