verb (used with object)
to irritate, annoy, or anger; cause resentful displeasure in:
Even the hint of prejudice offends me.
to affect (the sense, taste, etc.) disagreeably.
to violate or transgress (a criminal, religious, or moral law).
to hurt or cause pain to.
(in Biblical use) to cause to fall into sinful ways.
verb (used without object)
to cause resentful displeasure; irritate, annoy, or anger:
a remark so thoughtless it can only offend.
to err in conduct; commit a sin, crime, or fault.
to hurt the feelings, sense of dignity, etc, of (a person)
(transitive) to be disagreeable to; disgust: the smell offended him
(intransitive except in archaic uses) to break (a law or laws in general)
mid-15c., agent noun from offend (v.). Earlier was offendour (early 15c.), from Anglo-French.
early 14c., “to sin against (someone),” from Old French ofendre “transgress, antagonize,” and directly from Latin offendere “to hit, strike against,” figuratively “to stumble, commit a fault, displease, trespass against, provoke,” from ob “against” (see ob-) + -fendere “to strike” (found only in compounds; see defend).
Meaning “to violate (a law), to make a moral false step, to commit a crime” is from late 14c. Meaning “to wound the feelings” is from late 14c. The literal sense of “to attack, assail” is attested from late 14c.; this has been lost in Modern English, but is preserved in offense and offensive. Related: Offended; offending.
- Offender profiling
noun a set of techniques used by law enforcement agencies to try to identify perpetrators of serious crime; also called psychological profiling See psychological profiling
[uh-fens or for 7–9, aw-fens, of-ens] /əˈfɛns or for 7–9, ˈɔ fɛns, ˈɒf ɛns/ noun 1. a violation or breaking of a social or moral rule; transgression; sin. 2. a transgression of the law; misdemeanor. 3. a cause of transgression or wrong. 4. something that offends or displeases. 5. the act of offending or displeasing. […]
[uh-fens-lis] /əˈfɛns lɪs/ adjective 1. without . 2. incapable of or attack. 3. not offensive.
[uh-fen-siv or for 4, 5, aw-fen-, of-en-] /əˈfɛn sɪv or for 4, 5, ˈɔ fɛn-, ˈɒf ɛn-/ adjective 1. causing resentful displeasure; highly irritating, angering, or annoying: offensive television commercials. 2. unpleasant or disagreeable to the sense: an offensive odor. 3. repugnant to the moral sense, good taste, or the like; insulting: an offensive remark; […]