[awr-bit] /ˈɔr bɪt/
the curved path, usually elliptical, described by a planet, satellite, spaceship, etc., around a celestial body, as the sun.
the usual course of one’s life or range of one’s activities.
the sphere of power or influence, as of a nation or person:
a small nation in the Russian orbit.
Physics. (in Bohr theory) the path traced by an electron revolving around the nucleus of an atom.
an orb or sphere.
Zoology. the part surrounding the eye of a bird or insect.
verb (used with object)
to move or travel around in an or elliptical path:
The earth orbits the sun once every 365.25 days.
to send into orbit, as a satellite.
verb (used without object)
to go or travel in an orbit.
(astronomy) the curved path, usually elliptical, followed by a planet, satellite, comet, etc, in its motion around another celestial body under the influence of gravitation
a range or field of action or influence; sphere: he is out of my orbit
(anatomy) the bony cavity containing the eyeball Nontechnical name eye socket
(physics) the path of an electron in its motion around the nucleus of an atom
to move around (a body) in a curved path, usually circular or elliptical
(transitive) to send (a satellite, spacecraft, etc) into orbit
(intransitive) to move in or as if in an orbit
late 14c., “the eye socket,” from Old French orbite or directly from Medieval Latin orbita, transferred use of Latin orbita “wheel track, beaten path, rut, course, orbit” (see orb). Astronomical sense first recorded 1690s in English; it was in classical Latin, revived in Gerard of Cremona’s translation of Avicenna.
1946, from orbit (n.). Related: Orbited; orbiting.
orbit or·bit (ôr’bĭt)
See orbital cavity.
In astronomy, the path followed by an object revolving around another object, under the influence of gravitation (see satellite). In physics, the path followed by an electron within an atom. The planets follow elliptical orbits around the sun (see ellipse).
Note: Informally, something is “in orbit” when its actions are controlled by an external agency or force: “The countries of eastern Europe were once in the orbit of the Soviet Union.”
go into orbit, in orbit
see: in orbit
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orbitography or·bi·tog·ra·phy (ôr’bĭ-tŏg’rə-fē) n. A diagnostic technique for radiographic evaluation in suspected blow-out fracture of the orbit.