Ottoman



[ot-uh-muh n] /ˈɒt ə mən/

adjective
1.
of or relating to the .
2.
of or relating to the lands, peoples, and possessions of the .
noun, plural Ottomans. Also, (for defs 3, 4).
3.
a Turk.
4.
a Turk of the family or tribe of Osman.
5.
(lowercase) a cushioned footstool.
6.
(lowercase) a low cushioned seat without back or arms.
7.
(lowercase) a kind of divan or sofa, with or without a back.
8.
(lowercase) a corded silk or rayon fabric with large cotton cord for filling.
/ˈɒtəmən/
noun (pl) -mans
1.

2.
a corded fabric
/ˈɒtəmən/
adjective
1.
(history) of or relating to the Ottomans or the Ottoman Empire
2.
denoting or relating to the Turkish language
noun (pl) -mans
3.
a member of a Turkish people who invaded the Near East in the late 13th century

1580s (n.), c.1600 (adj.), from French Ottoman, from Italian Ottomano, from Arabic ‘Uthmani “of or belonging to ‘Uthman,” Arabic masc. proper name, which in Turkish is pronounced Othman (see Osmanli), name of the founder of the dynasty and empire. Ending altered in Italian by formation of a new false singular, because -i was a plural inflection in Italian. Byron used the more correct form Othman, and a few writers have followed him. The type of couch so called (1806) because one reclined on it, which was associated with Eastern customs (see couch).

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