[heer] /hɪər/

verb (used with object), heard
[hurd] /hɜrd/ (Show IPA), hearing.
to perceive by the ear:
Didn’t you hear the doorbell?
to learn by the ear or by being told; be informed of:
to hear news.
to listen to; give or pay attention to:
They refused to hear our side of the argument.
to be among the audience at or of (something):
to hear a recital.
to give a formal, official, or judicial to (something); consider officially, as a judge, sovereign, teacher, or assembly:
to hear a case.
to take or listen to the evidence or testimony of (someone):
to hear the defendant.
to listen to with favor, assent, or compliance.
(of a computer) to perceive by speech recognition.
verb (used without object), heard
[hurd] /hɜrd/ (Show IPA), hearing.
to be capable of perceiving sound by the ear; have the faculty of perceiving sound vibrations.
to receive information by the ear or otherwise:
to hear from a friend.
to listen with favor, assent, or compliance (often followed by of):
I will not hear of your going.
(of a computer) to be capable of perceiving by speech recognition.
(used as an interjection in the phrase Hear! Hear! to express approval, as of a speech).
verb hears, hearing, heard (hɜːd)
(transitive) to perceive (a sound) with the sense of hearing
(transitive; may take a clause as object) to listen to: did you hear what I said?
when intr, sometimes foll by of or about; when tr, may take a clause as object. to be informed (of); receive information (about): to hear of his success, have you heard?
(law) to give a hearing to (a case)
when intr, usually foll by of and used with a negative. to listen (to) with favour, assent, etc: she wouldn’t hear of it
(intransitive) foll by from. to receive a letter, news, etc (from)
hear! hear!, an exclamation used to show approval of something said
(dialect) hear tell, to be told (about); learn (of)

Old English heran (Anglian), (ge)hieran, hyran (West Saxon) “to hear, listen (to), obey, follow; accede to, grant; judge,” from Proto-Germanic *hauzjan (cf. Old Norse heyra, Old Frisian hora, Dutch horen, German hören, Gothic hausjan), perhaps from PIE *kous- “to hear” (see acoustic). The shift from *-z- to -r- is a regular feature in some Germanic languages.

For spelling, see see head (n.); spelling distinction between hear and here developed 1200-1550. Old English also had the excellent adjective hiersum “ready to hear, obedient,” literally “hear-some” with suffix from handsome, etc. Hear, hear! (1680s) was originally imperative, used as an exclamation to call attention to a speaker’s words; now a general cheer of approval. Originally it was hear him!

hear (hēr)
v. heard (hûrd), hear·ing, hears
To perceive (sound) by the ear.


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