Outlier



[out-lahy-er] /ˈaʊtˌlaɪ ər/

noun
1.
something that lies outside the main body or group that it is a part of, as a cow far from the rest of the herd, or a distant island belonging to a cluster of islands:
The small factory was an outlier, and unproductive, so the corporation sold it off to private owners who were able to make it profitable.
2.
someone who stands apart from others of his or her group, as by differing behavior, beliefs, or religious practices:
scientists who are outliers in their views on climate change.
Synonyms: nonconformist, maverick; original, eccentric, bohemian; dissident, dissenter, iconoclast, heretic; outsider.
3.
Statistics.

4.
Geology. a part of a formation left detached through the removal of surrounding parts by erosion.
Compare .
5.
Obsolete. a person residing outside the place of his or her business, duty, etc.
/ˈaʊtˌlaɪə/
noun
1.
an outcrop of rocks that is entirely surrounded by older rocks
2.
a person, thing, or part situated away from a main or related body
3.
a person who lives away from his place of work, duty, etc
4.
(statistics) a point in a sample widely separated from the main cluster of points in the sample See scatter diagram
n.

c.1600, “stone quarried and removed but left unused,” from out + lie (v.2). Transferred meaning “outsider” is recorded from 1680s; “anything detached from its main body” is from 1849; geological sense is from 1833.

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