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Palermo



[puh-lur-moh, -lair-; Italian pah-ler-maw] /pəˈlɜr moʊ, -ˈlɛər-; Italian pɑˈlɛr mɔ/

noun
1.
a seaport in and the capital of Sicily, in the NW part.
[sis-uh-lee] /ˈsɪs ə li/
noun
1.
an island in the Mediterranean, constituting a region of Italy, and separated from the SW tip of the mainland by the Strait of Messina: largest island in the Mediterranean. 9924 sq. mi. (25,705 sq. km).
Capital: Palermo.
/pəˈlɛəməʊ; -ˈlɜː-; Italian paˈlɛrmo/
noun
1.
the capital of Sicily, on the NW coast: founded by the Phoenicians in the 8th century bc Pop: 686 722 (2001)
/ˈsɪsɪlɪ/
noun
1.
the largest island in the Mediterranean, separated from the tip of SW Italy by the Strait of Messina: administratively an autonomous region of Italy; settled by Phoenicians, Greeks, and Carthaginians before the Roman conquest of 241 bc; under Normans (12th–13th centuries); formed the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies with Naples in 1815; mountainous and volcanic. Capital: Palermo. Pop: 4 972 124 (2003 est). Area: 25 460 sq km (9830 sq miles) Latin names Sicilia, Trinacria Italian name Sicilia

island off the southwest tip of Italy, from Latin Sicilia, from Greek Sikelia, from Sikeloi (plural) “Sicilians,” from the name of an ancient people living along the Tiber, whence part of them emigrated to the island that was thereafter named for them. The Greeks distinguished Sikeliotes “a Greek colonist in Sicily” from Sikelos “a native Sicilian.” Related: Sicilian.
Palermo [(puh-lair-moh, puh-lur-moh)]

City in northwest Sicily on the Tyrrhenian Sea, an arm of the Mediterranean Sea; capital of Sicily.

Note: Palermo’s convenient location has made it an important port for trans-Mediterranean shipping for three thousand years. Settled by Phoenicia in the eighth century b.c., it has come under the influence of many civilizations, including the Roman Empire and the Byzantine Empire. It has also come under the control of the Arabs and the French. Palermo has long been a center for art and architecture.

Island in southern Italy on the Mediterranean Sea, separated from the Italian mainland by the narrow Strait of Messina. Its capital is Palermo.

Note: It is the largest Mediterranean island.

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