Parhelion



[pahr-hee-lee-uh n, -heel-yuh n] /pɑrˈhi li ən, -ˈhil yən/

noun, plural parhelia
[pahr-hee-lee-uh, -heel-yuh] /pɑrˈhi li ə, -ˈhil yə/ (Show IPA). Meteorology.
1.
a bright circular spot on a solar halo; a mock sun: usually one of two or more such spots seen on opposite sides of the sun, and often accompanied by additional luminous arcs and bands.
/pɑːˈhiːlɪən/
noun (pl) -lia (-lɪə)
1.
one of several bright spots on the parhelic circle or solar halo, caused by the diffraction of light by ice crystals in the atmosphere, esp around sunset Also called mock sun, sundog Compare anthelion
n.

1640s, from Greek parelion “a mock sun,” from para- “beside” (see para- (1)) + helios “sun” (see sol).
parhelion
(pär-hē’lē-ən)
Plural parhelia
A white spot appearing at times in the parhelic circle. White parhelia are believed to form from light that is reflected off of atmospheric ice crystals; colored parhelia are believed to form from light that is refracted by atmospheric ice crystals. Multiple parhelia can often be seen simultaneously. Compare anthelion.

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