[pas-iv] /ˈpæs ɪv/
not reacting visibly to something that might be expected to produce manifestations of an emotion or feeling.
not participating readily or actively; inactive:
a passive member of a committee.
not involving visible reaction or active participation:
to play a passive role.
inert or quiescent.
influenced, acted upon, or affected by some external force, cause, or agency; being the object of action rather than causing action (opposed to ).
receiving or characterized by the reception of impressions or influences from external sources.
produced or caused by an external agency.
receiving, enduring, or submitting without resistance:
a passive hypnotic subject.
Chemistry. inactive, especially under conditions in which chemical activity is to be expected.
Metallurgy. (of a metal) treated so as to impart impassivity.
Medicine/Medical. of or relating to certain unhealthy but dormant conditions; inactive, as opposed to active or spontaneous.
Telecommunications. designed to relay signals without electronic devices:
a passive communications satellite.
(of a solar heating system) accumulating and distributing solar heat without the aid of machinery.
the passive voice.
a passive form or construction.
not active or not participating perceptibly in an activity, organization, etc
unresisting and receptive to external forces; submissive
not working or operating
affected or acted upon by an external object or force
(grammar) denoting a voice of verbs in sentences in which the grammatical subject is not the logical subject but rather the recipient of the action described by the verb, as was broken in the sentence The glass was broken by a boy Compare active (sense 5a)
(chem) (of a substance, esp a metal) apparently chemically unreactive, usually as a result of the formation of a thin protective layer that prevents further reaction
(finance) (of a bond, share, debt, etc) yielding no interest
late 14c., in grammatical sense (opposed to active), Old French passif “suffering, undergoing hardship” (14c.) and directly from Latin passivus “capable of feeling or suffering,” from pass-, past participle stem of pati “to suffer” (see passion). Meaning “not active” is first recorded late 15c.; sense of “enduring suffering without resistance” is from 1620s. Related: Passively. Passive resistance first attested 1819 in Scott’s “Ivanhoe,” used throughout 19c.; re-coined by Gandhi c.1906 in South Africa. Passive-aggressive with reference to behavior is attested by 1971.
passive pas·sive (pās’ĭv)
[pas-iv-uh-gres-iv] /ˈpæs ɪv əˈgrɛs ɪv/ adjective 1. denoting or pertaining to a personality type or behavior marked by the expression of negative emotions in passive, indirect ways, as through manipulation or noncooperation: a passive-aggressive employee who often misses deadlines. adjective 1. (psychoanal) of or relating to a personality that harbours aggressive emotions while behaving in […]
- Passive-aggressive personality
[pas-iv-uh-gres-iv] /ˈpæs ɪv əˈgrɛs ɪv/ noun, Psychiatry. 1. a personality disorder characterized by aggressive behavior expressed in passive ways, as procrastination, stubbornness, or pouting. passive-aggressive personality n. A personality disorder in which aggressive feelings are manifested in passive ways, especially through stubbornness, procrastination, and inefficiency so as to resist adequate social and occupational performance.
- Passive anaphylaxis
passive anaphylaxis n. An anaphylactic response in a nonsensitized individual caused by inoculation with serum from a sensitized individual. Also called antiserum anaphylaxis.
- Passive clot
passive clot n. A clot that is formed in an aneurysmal sac following the cessation of circulation through the aneurysm.