Patrician



[puh-trish-uh n] /pəˈtrɪʃ ən/

noun
1.
a person of noble or high rank; aristocrat.
2.
a person of very good background, education, and refinement.
3.
a member of the original senatorial aristocracy in ancient Rome.
4.
(under the later Roman and Byzantine empires) a title or dignity conferred by the emperor.
5.
a member of a hereditary ruling class in certain medieval German, Swiss, and Italian free cities.
adjective
6.
of high social rank or noble family; aristocratic.
7.
befitting or characteristic of persons of very good background, education, and refinement:
patrician tastes.
8.
of or belonging to the patrician families of ancient Rome.
/pəˈtrɪʃən/
noun
1.
a member of the hereditary aristocracy of ancient Rome. In the early republic the patricians held almost all the higher offices Compare plebs (sense 2)
2.
a high nonhereditary title awarded by Constantine and his eastern Roman successors for services to the empire
3.
(in medieval Europe)

4.
an aristocrat
5.
a person of refined conduct, tastes, etc
adjective
6.
(esp in ancient Rome) of, relating to, or composed of patricians
7.
aristocratic
8.
oligarchic and often antidemocratic or nonpopular: patrician political views
n.

early 15c., “member of the ancient Roman noble order,” from Middle French patricien, from Latin patricius “of the rank of the nobles, of the senators; of fatherly dignity,” from patres conscripti “Roman senators,” literally “fathers,” plural of pater “father” (see father (n.)). Contrasted, in ancient Rome, with plebeius. Applied to noble citizens and higher orders of free folk in medieval Italian and German cities (sense attested in English from 1610s); hence “nobleman, aristocrat” in a modern sense (1630s). As an adjective, attested from 1610s, from the noun.

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