Patriot



a person who loves, supports, and defends his or her country and its interests with devotion.
a person who regards himself or herself as a defender, especially of individual rights, against presumed interference by the federal government.
(initial capital letter) Military. a U.S. Army antiaircraft missile with a range of 37 miles (60 km) and a 200-pound (90 kg) warhead, launched from a tracked vehicle with radar and computer guidance and fire control.
Contemporary Examples

Why do the evil liberals think religious diversity will help them enforce the patriot Act?
‘Persecuted’ Is the Christian Right’s Paranoid Wet Dream Candida Moss July 21, 2014

Under the patriot Act, the CIA is also a police force domestically.
Daniel Ellsberg: Edward Snowden Is a Hero and We Need More Whistleblowers Daniel Ellsberg June 9, 2013

She was also a patriot, a Briton, and a wife, excelling at the arts that each of those categories demand of a person.
How Margaret Thatcher Transformed British Politics Tunku Varadarajan April 7, 2013

For them, he is a Libyan patriot who sacrificed a great deal.
Did the U.S. Make a Mistake In Seizing Anas al-Liby? Jamie Dettmer October 13, 2013

In 2011, the Southern Poverty Law Center identified 1274 active “patriot” groups in the United States.
Far-Right Texas Terrorist Planned Murder And Robbery Spree in the Name of ‘Liberty’ Caitlin Dickson March 31, 2014

Historical Examples

For an explorer and a patriot the opportunity was priceless.
The Founder of New France: A Chronicle of Champlain Charles W. Colby

This unlucky newspaper was a thorn in the side of every patriot of Carlow County.
The Gentleman From Indiana Booth Tarkington

In short, Maeterlinck is a socialist much as Goethe was a patriot.
Life and Writings of Maurice Maeterlinck Jethro Bithell

Hardly had we breakfasted, when he, the patriot, waited upon us.
The Atlantic Monthly, Vol. 10, No. 58, August, 1862 Various

Fernando Stevens, even early in childhood, became a patriot.
Sustained honor John R. Musick,

noun
a person who vigorously supports his country and its way of life
noun
a US surface-to-air missile system with multiple launch stations and the capability to track multiple targets by radar
n.

1590s, “compatriot,” from Middle French patriote (15c.) and directly from Late Latin patriota “fellow-countryman” (6c.), from Greek patriotes “fellow countryman,” from patrios “of one’s fathers,” patris “fatherland,” from pater (genitive patros) “father” (see father (n.)); with -otes, suffix expressing state or condition. Liddell and Scott write that patriotes was “applied to barbarians who had only a common [patris], [politai] being used of Greeks who had a common [polis] (or free-state).”

Meaning “loyal and disinterested supporter of one’s country” is attested from c.1600, but became an ironic term of ridicule or abuse from mid-18c. in England, so that Johnson, who at first defined it as “one whose ruling passion is the love of his country,” in his fourth edition added, “It is sometimes used for a factious disturber of the government.”

The name of patriot had become [c.1744] a by-word of derision. Horace Walpole scarcely exaggerated when he said that … the most popular declaration which a candidate could make on the hustings was that he had never been and never would be a patriot. [Macaulay, “Horace Walpole,” 1833]

Somewhat revived in reference to resistance movements in overrun countries in World War II, it has usually had a positive sense in American English, where the phony and rascally variety has been consigned to the word patrioteer (1928). Oriana Fallaci [“The Rage and the Pride,” 2002] marvels that Americans, so fond of patriotic, patriot, and patriotism, lack the root noun and are content to express the idea of patria by cumbersome compounds such as homeland. (Joyce, Shaw, and H.G. Wells all used patria as an English word early 20c., but it failed to stick.) Patriots’ Day (April 19, anniversary of the 1775 skirmishes at Lexington and Concord Bridge) was observed as a legal holiday in Maine and Massachusetts from 1894.

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