Pedigree



[ped-i-gree] /ˈpɛd ɪˌgri/

noun
1.
an ancestral line; line of descent; lineage; ancestry.
2.
a genealogical table, chart, list, or record, especially of a purebred animal.
3.
distinguished, excellent, or pure ancestry.
4.
derivation, origin, or history:
the pedigree of a word.
/ˈpɛdɪˌɡriː/
noun
1.

2.
a document recording this
3.
a genealogical table, esp one indicating pure ancestry
4.
derivation or background: the pedigree of an idea
n.

early 15c., “genealogical table or chart,” from Anglo-French pe de gru, a variant of Old French pied de gru “foot of a crane,” from Latin pedem accusative of pes “foot” (see foot (n.)) + gruem (nominative grus) “crane,” cognate with Greek geranos, Old English cran; see crane (n.)).

On old manuscripts, “descent” was indicated by a forked sign resembling the branching lines of a genealogical chart; the sign also happened to look like a bird’s footprint. Form influenced in Middle English by association with degree. Meaning “ancestral line” is mid-15c.; of animals, c.1600. Related: Pedigreed.

pedigree ped·i·gree (pěd’ĭ-grē’)
n.
An ancestral line of descent, especially as diagrammed on a chart, to show ancestral history and to analyze Mendelian inheritance of certain traits including familial diseases.

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