a war between Athens and Sparta, 431–404 b.c., that resulted in the transfer of hegemony in Greece from Athens to Sparta.
a war fought for supremacy in Greece from 431 to 404 bc, in which Athens and her allies were defeated by the league centred on Sparta
Peloponnesian War [(pel-uh-puh-nee-zhuhn, pel-uh-puh-nee-shuhn)]
A long war between the Greek city-states of Athens and Sparta in the fifth century b.c. Sparta won the war.
Note: The historian Thucydides fought in the Peloponnesian War and later wrote a remarkable history about it.
[pel-uh-puh-nee-suh s] /ˌpɛl ə pəˈni səs/ noun 1. a peninsula forming the S part of Greece: seat of the early Mycenaean civilization and the powerful city-states of Argos, Sparta, etc. 8356 sq. mi. (21,640 sq. km). n. peninsula of southern Greece, late 15c., from Latin, from Greek Peloponnesos, second element apparently nesos “island” (see Chersonese); […]
[pee-lops, pel-ops] /ˈpi lɒps, ˈpɛl ɒps/ noun 1. Classical Mythology. a son of Tantalus and Dione, slaughtered by his father and served to the Olympians as food; Hermes restored him to life and he later ruled over southern Greece, which was called Peloponnesus after him. /ˈpiːlɒps/ noun 1. (Greek myth) the son of Tantalus, who […]
[puh-lawr-ee-uh, -lohr-] /pəˈlɔr i ə, -ˈloʊr-/ noun, Botany. 1. regularity of structure occurring abnormally in flowers normally irregular. /pɛˈlɔːrɪə/ noun 1. the abnormal production of actinomorphic flowers in a plant of a species that usually produces zygomorphic flowers
[pel-uh-rahyz] /ˈpɛl əˌraɪz/ verb (used with object), pelorized, pelorizing. Botany. 1. to affect with .