[peen-l] /ˈpin l/
of, relating to, or involving punishment, as for crimes or offenses.
He survived the years of penal hardship.
used as a place of confinement and punishment:
a penal colony.
subject to or incurring punishment:
a penal offense.
payable or forfeitable as a penalty:
a penal sum.
of, relating to, constituting, or prescribing punishment
payable as a penalty: a penal sum
used or designated as a place of punishment: a penal institution
“pertaining to punishment,” mid-15c., from Old French peinal (12c., Modern French pénal) and directly from Medieval Latin penalis, from Latin poenalis “pertaining to punishment,” from poena “punishment,” from Greek poine “blood-money, fine, penalty, punishment,” from PIE *kwoina, from root *kwei- “to pay, atone, compensate” (cf. Greek time “price, worth, honor, esteem, respect,” tinein “to pay a price, punish, take vengeance;” Sanskrit cinoti “observes, notes;” Avestan kaena “punishment, vengeance;” Old Church Slavonic cena “honor, price;” Lithuanian kaina “value, price”).
[peen-l-ahyz, pen-] /ˈpin lˌaɪz, ˈpɛn-/ verb (used with object), penalized, penalizing. 1. to subject to a penalty, as a person. 2. to declare (an action, deed, etc.) punishable by law or rule. 3. to put under a disadvantage or handicap. /ˈpiːnəˌlaɪz/ verb (transitive) 1. to impose a penalty on (someone), as for breaking a law […]
/ˈpɛləm/ noun 1. (Southwest English, dialect) dust
[puh-loo-sid] /pəˈlu sɪd/ adjective 1. allowing the maximum passage of light, as glass; translucent. 2. clear or limpid: pellucid waters. 3. clear in meaning, expression, or style: a pellucid way of writing. /pɛˈluːsɪd/ adjective 1. transparent or translucent 2. extremely clear in style and meaning; limpid adj. “transparent, translucent,” 1610s, from Latin pellucidus “transparent,” from […]
[pen-l-tee] /ˈpɛn l ti/ noun, plural penalties. 1. a punishment imposed or incurred for a violation of law or rule. 2. a loss, forfeiture, suffering, or the like, to which one subjects oneself by nonfulfillment of some obligation. 3. something that is forfeited, as a sum of money. 4. a disadvantage imposed upon one of […]