a sequence of metabolic reactions by which NADPH is synthesized, together with ribose phosphate, part of the synthesis of nucleic acids
pentose phosphate pathway n.
A secondary pathway for the metabolism of glucose in tissues other than skeletal muscle, in which five-carbon sugars are synthesized and NADPH is produced in the cytoplasm outside the mitochondria. Also called Dickens shunt.
[pen-tuh-thawl] /ˈpɛn təˌθɔl/ Pharmacology, Trademark. 1. a brand of . trademark name of an anaesthetic and hypnotic, 1935, refashioning of Thiopental, from pento-, in reference to the methylbutyl five-carbon group + first two letters of thiobarbiturate + chemical product suffix -ol. Pentothal Pen·to·thal (pěn’tə-thôl’) A trademark used for thiopental sodium.
- Pentothal sodium
/ˈpɛntəˌθæl/ noun 1. a trademark for thiopental sodium
[pen-tok-sahyd] /pɛnˈtɒk saɪd/ noun, Chemistry. 1. an oxide containing five atoms of oxygen, as phosphorus pentoxide, P 2 O 5 . /pɛntˈɒksaɪd/ noun 1. an oxide of an element with five atoms of oxygen per molecule
pentoxifylline pen·tox·if·yl·line (pěn’tŏk-sĭf’ə-lēn’, -lĭn, pěn-tŏk’sə-fĭl’ēn’, -ĭn) n. A bitter-tasting compound that decreases blood viscosity and improves blood flow, used in the treatment of intermittent claudication.