[pep-er] /ˈpɛp ər/
a pungent condiment obtained from various plants of the genus Piper, especially from the dried berries, used whole or ground, of the tropical climbing shrub P. nigrum.
any plant of the genus Piper.
any of several plants of the genus Capsicum, especially C. annuum, cultivated in many varieties, or C. frutescens.
the usually green or red fruit of any of these plants, ranging from mild to very pungent in flavor.
the pungent seeds of several varieties of C. annuum or C. frutescens, used ground or whole as a condiment.
verb (used with object)
to season with or as if with pepper.
to sprinkle or cover, as if with pepper; dot.
to sprinkle like pepper.
to hit with rapidly repeated short jabs.
to pelt with or as if with shot or missiles:
They peppered the speaker with hard questions.
to discharge (shot or missiles) at something.
a woody climbing plant, Piper nigrum, of the East Indies, having small black berry-like fruits: family Piperaceae
the dried fruit of this plant, which is ground to produce a sharp hot condiment See also black pepper, white pepper
any of various other plants of the genus Piper See cubeb, betel, kava
Also called capsicum. any of various tropical plants of the solanaceous genus Capsicum, esp C. frutescens, the fruits of which are used as a vegetable and a condiment See also bird pepper, sweet pepper, red pepper, cayenne pepper
the fruit of any of these capsicums, which has a mild or pungent taste
the condiment made from the fruits of any of these plants
any of various similar but unrelated plants, such as water pepper
to season with pepper
to sprinkle liberally; dot: his prose was peppered with alliteration
to pelt with small missiles
Old English pipor, from an early West Germanic borrowing of Latin piper “pepper,” from Greek piperi, probably (via Persian) from Middle Indic pippari, from Sanskrit pippali “long pepper.” The Latin word is the source of German Pfeffer, Italian pepe, French poivre, Old Church Slavonic pipru, Lithuanian pipiras, Old Irish piobhar, Welsh pybyr, etc. Application to fruits of the capsicum family (unrelated, originally native of tropical America) is 16c.
“to sprinkle as with pepper,” 1610s, from pepper (n.). Old English had gepipera. Meaning “to pelt with shot, etc.” is from 1640s. Related: Peppered; peppering.
To throw a baseball very hard; burn (1920s+ Baseball)
salt and pepper
- Peppered moth
noun 1. a European geometrid moth, Biston betularia, occurring in a pale grey speckled form in rural areas and a black form in industrial regions See also melanism (sense 1)
noun 1. the plant family Piperaceae, characterized by tropical woody vines and herbaceous plants having simple leaves, dense spikes of very small flowers, and fleshy, berrylike fruit, and including peperomia and peppers of the genus Piper.
noun, Baseball. 1. a pregame warm-up performed at a brisk rate, in which one batter bunts back balls tossed by fielders stationed a short distance away.
[pep-er-gras, -grahs] /ˈpɛp ərˌgræs, -ˌgrɑs/ noun 1. any pungent plant belonging to the genus Lepidium, of the mustard family, used as a potherb or salad vegetable. /ˈpɛpəˌɡrɑːs/ noun (US & Canadian) 1. any of various temperate and tropical aquatic or marsh ferns of the genus Marsilea, having floating leaves consisting of four leaflets: family Marsileaceae […]