Perestroika



[per-uh-stroi-kuh; Russian pyi-ryi-stroi-kuh] /ˌpɛr əˈstrɔɪ kə; Russian pyɪ ryɪˈstrɔɪ kə/

noun
1.
Russian. the program of economic and political reform in the Soviet Union initiated by Mikhail Gorbachev in 1986.
/ˌpɛrəˈstrɔɪkə/
noun
1.
the policy of reconstructing the economy, etc, of the former Soviet Union under the leadership of Mikhail Gorbachov
n.

1981, from Russian perestroika, literally “rebuilding, reconstruction, reform” (of Soviet society, etc.), from pere- “re-” (from Old Russian pere- “around, again,” from Proto-Slavic *per-, from PIE *per- (1) “forward, through;” see per) + stroika “building, construction,” from Old Russian stroji “order,” from PIE *stroi-, from root *stere- “to spread” (see structure (n.)). First proposed at the 26th Party Congress (1981); popularized in English 1985 during Mikhail Gorbachev’s leadership of the U.S.S.R.

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