Phenol



[fee-nawl, -nol] /ˈfi nɔl, -nɒl/

noun, Chemistry.
1.
Also called carbolic acid, hydroxybenzene, oxybenzene, phenylic acid. a white, crystalline, water-soluble, poisonous mass, C 6 H 5 OH, obtained from coal tar, or a hydroxyl derivative of benzene: used chiefly as a disinfectant, as an antiseptic, and in organic synthesis.
2.
any analogous hydroxyl derivative of benzene.
/ˈfiːnɒl/
noun
1.
Also called carbolic acid. a white crystalline soluble poisonous acidic derivative of benzene, used as an antiseptic and disinfectant and in the manufacture of resins, nylon, dyes, explosives, and pharmaceuticals; hydroxybenzene. Formula: C6H5OH
2.
(chem) any of a class of weakly acidic organic compounds whose molecules contain one or more hydroxyl groups bound directly to a carbon atom in an aromatic ring
n.

“carbolic acid,” 1844, from pheno- + -ol. Discovered in coal tar in 1834; used as an antiseptic from 1867. Related: Phenolic.

phenol phe·nol (fē’nôl’, -nōl’)
n.

phenol
(fē’nôl’, -nōl’)

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  • Phenolate

    [feen-l-eyt] /ˈfin lˌeɪt/ noun 1. Also called phenoxide. a salt of phenol, as sodium phenolate, C 6 H 5 ONa. verb (used with object), phenolated, phenolating. 2. to treat, impregnate, or disinfect with phenol; carbolize. /ˈfiːnəˌleɪt/ verb 1. (transitive) Also carbolize. to treat or disinfect with phenol noun 2. another name (not in technical usage) […]

  • Phenolated

    [feen-l-ey-tid] /ˈfin lˌeɪ tɪd/ adjective, Chemistry. 1. containing ; carbolated. [feen-l-eyt] /ˈfin lˌeɪt/ noun 1. Also called phenoxide. a salt of phenol, as sodium phenolate, C 6 H 5 ONa. verb (used with object), phenolated, phenolating. 2. to treat, impregnate, or disinfect with phenol; carbolize. /ˈfiːnəˌleɪt/ verb 1. (transitive) Also carbolize. to treat or disinfect […]



  • Phenol-coefficient

    noun, Chemistry. 1. the number indicating the effectiveness of a disinfectant as a germicide relative to phenol, which is arbitrarily assigned the number 1: based on the time required to kill a given quantity of a specific type of bacteria. phenol coefficient n. See Rideal-Walker coefficient.

  • Phenolic

    [fee-nawl, -nol] /ˈfi nɔl, -nɒl/ noun, Chemistry. 1. Also called carbolic acid, hydroxybenzene, oxybenzene, phenylic acid. a white, crystalline, water-soluble, poisonous mass, C 6 H 5 OH, obtained from coal tar, or a hydroxyl derivative of benzene: used chiefly as a disinfectant, as an antiseptic, and in organic synthesis. 2. any analogous hydroxyl derivative of […]



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