Pituitary



[pi-too-i-ter-ee, -tyoo-] /pɪˈtu ɪˌtɛr i, -ˈtyu-/

noun, plural pituitaries.
1.
.
2.
Pharmacology. the extract obtained from the lobes of the of hogs, sheep, and other domestic animals: the posterior lobe constituent increases blood pressure, contracts stomach muscles, etc., and the anterior lobe constituent regulates growth of the skeleton.
adjective
3.
of, relating to, or involving the .
4.
noting a physical type of abnormal size with overgrown extremities resulting from excessive pituitary secretion.
/pɪˈtjuːɪtərɪ; -trɪ/
noun (pl) -taries
1.
See pituitary gland, pituitary extract
adjective
2.
of or relating to the pituitary gland
3.
(archaic) of or relating to phlegm or mucus
adj.

1610s, from Latin pituitarius “mucous,” from pituita “clammy moisture, phlegm, mucus, slime,” possibly from PIE root *peie- “to be fat, swell” (see pine (n.)). Taken as the name for the gland because it was believed that it channeled mucus to the nose. As a noun by 1899.

pituitary pi·tu·i·tar·y (pĭ-tōō’ĭ-těr’ē, -tyōō’-)
n.

adj.

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