Pluses



[pluhs] /plʌs/

preposition
1.
more by the addition of; increased by:
ten plus two is twelve.
2.
with the addition of; with:
He had wealth plus fame.
adjective
3.
involving or noting addition.
4.
positive:
a plus quantity.
5.
more (by a certain amount).
6.
Electricity. pertaining to or characterized by positive electricity:
the plus terminal.
7.
Mycology. (in heterothallic fungi) designating, in the absence of morphological differentiation, one of the two strains of mycelia that unite in the sexual process.
8.
having a certain quality to an unusual degree:
He has personality plus.
noun, plural pluses, plusses.
9.
a plus quantity.
10.
Arithmetic. .
11.
something additional.
12.
a surplus or gain.
conjunction
13.
Informal. also; and; furthermore:
A bicycle is cheaper than a car, plus it doesn’t pollute the air.
adverb
14.
in addition; besides.
Idioms
15.
pluses and minuses, the good and bad points of something; the advantages and disadvantages; the :
She spent hours listing the pluses and minuses of each of the apartments she had looked at, trying to narrow down her choices.
/plʌs/
preposition
1.
increased by the addition of: four plus two (written 4 + 2)
2.
with or with the addition of: a good job, plus a new car
adjective
3.
(prenominal) Also positive. indicating or involving addition: a plus sign
4.
another word for positive (sense 8), positive (sense 9)
5.
on the positive part of a scale or coordinate axis: a value of +x
6.
indicating the positive side of an electrical circuit
7.
involving positive advantage or good: a plus factor
8.
(postpositive) (informal) having a value above that which is stated or expected: she had charm plus
9.
(postpositive) slightly above a specified standard on a particular grade or percentage: he received a B+ rating on his essay
10.
(botany) designating the strain of fungus that can only undergo sexual reproduction with a minus strain
noun
11.
short for plus sign
12.
a positive quantity
13.
(informal) something positive or to the good
14.
a gain, surplus, or advantage
n.

1570s, the oral rendering of the arithmetical sign +, from Latin plus “more, in greater number, more often” (comparative of multus “much”), altered (by influence of minus) from *pleos, from PIE *pele- (1) “to fill” (see poly-).

As a preposition, between two numbers to indicate addition, from 1660s. [Barnhart writes that this sense “did not exist in Latin and probably originated in commercial language of the Middle Ages.”] Placed after a whole number to indicate “and a little more,” it is attested from 1902. As a conjunction, “and,” it is American English colloquial, attested from 1968. As a noun meaning “an advantage” from 1791. Plus fours (1921) were four inches longer in the leg than standard knickerbockers, to produce an overhang, originally a style associated with golfers. The plus sign itself has been well-known since at least late 15c. and is perhaps an abbreviation of Latin et (see et cetera).

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