any method of determining the age of earth materials or objects of organic origin based on measurement of either short-lived radioactive elements or the amount of a long-lived radioactive element plus its decay product.
another term for radiometric dating
any method of dating material based on the decay of its constituent radioactive atoms, such as potassium-argon dating or rubidium-strontium dating Also called radioactive dating
A method for determining the age of an object based on the concentration of a particular radioactive isotope contained within it. For inorganic materials, such as rocks containing the radioactive isotope rubidium, the amount of the isotope in the object is compared to the amount of the isotope’s decay products (in this case strontium). The object’s approximate age can then be figured out using the known rate of decay of the isotope. For organic materials, the comparison is between the current ratio of a radioactive isotope to a stable isotope of the same element and the known ratio of the two isotopes in living organisms. Radiocarbon dating is one such type of radiometric dating.
A process for determining the age of an object by measuring the amount of a given radioactive material it contains. If one knows how much of this radioactive material was present initially in the object (by determining how much of the material has decayed), and one knows the half-life of the material, one can deduce the age of the object.
Note: The best known example of radioactive dating employs carbon 14, a radioactive isotope of carbon.
- Radioactive constant
radioactive constant n. See decay constant.
noun, Physics. 1. (def 8). noun 1. disintegration of a nucleus that occurs spontaneously or as a result of electron capture. One or more different nuclei are formed and usually particles and gamma rays are emitted Sometimes shortened to decay Also called disintegration radioactive decay (rā’dē-ō-āk’tĭv) The spontaneous transformation of an unstable atomic nucleus into […]
noun 1. a motor-vehicle tire in which the plies or cords run from one bead to the other at right angles to both beads.
noun, Biology. 1. a basic body plan in which the organism can be divided into similar halves by passing a plane at any angle along a central axis, characteristic of sessile and bottom-dwelling animals, as the sea anemone and starfish. noun 1. a type of structure of an organism or part of an organism in […]