Grammar. a grammatical unit of one or more words that expresses an independent statement, question, request, command, exclamation, etc., and that typically has a subject as well as a predicate, as in John is here. or Is John here? In print or writing, a sentence typically begins with a capital letter and ends with appropriate punctuation; in speech it displays recognizable, communicative intonation patterns and is often marked by preceding and following pauses.

an authoritative decision; a judicial judgment or decree, especially the judicial determination of the punishment to be inflicted on a convicted criminal:
Knowledgeable sources say that the judge will announce the sentence early next week.
the punishment itself; term:
a three-year sentence.

Music. a complete idea, usually consisting of eight to sixteen measures; period (def 18).
See also phrase (def 4).
Archaic. a saying, apothegm, or maxim.
Obsolete. an opinion given on a particular question.
verb (used with object), sentenced, sentencing.
to pronounce sentence upon; condemn to punishment:
The judge sentenced her to six months in jail.
a sequence of words capable of standing alone to make an assertion, ask a question, or give a command, usually consisting of a subject and a predicate containing a finite verb
the judgment formally pronounced upon a person convicted in criminal proceedings, esp the decision as to what punishment is to be imposed
an opinion, judgment, or decision
(music) another word for period (sense 11)
any short passage of scripture employed in liturgical use: the funeral sentences
(logic) a well-formed expression, without variables
(archaic) a proverb, maxim, or aphorism
(transitive) to pronounce sentence on (a convicted person) in a court of law: the judge sentenced the murderer to life imprisonment


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