[tran-skrip-teys, -teyz] /trænˈskrɪp teɪs, -teɪz/
a retrovirus enzyme that synthesizes DNA from viral RNA, the reverse of the usual DNA-to-RNA replication: used in genetic engineering to clone genes from RNA strands.
an enzyme present in retroviruses that copies RNA into DNA, thus reversing the usual flow of genetic information in which DNA is copied into RNA
reverse transcriptase n.
A polymerase that catalyzes the formation of DNA on an RNA template, found in oncogenic viruses containing RNA, especially the retroviruses.
Any of a class of enzymes that catalyze the formation of DNA from an RNA template and are found in retroviruses, and also in certain body cells (such as stem cells) as the enzyme telomerase. The action of reverse transcriptase runs in the opposite direction from normal genetic transcription in the cell, in which RNA is copied from DNA. Drugs that inhibit the action of viral reverse transcriptase have been used to treat retroviral infections such as AIDS, and those that inhibit telomerase are potential anticancer agents.
- Reverse transcription
reverse transcription n. The process by which DNA is synthesized from an RNA template. reverse transcription The process by which DNA is synthesized from an RNA template by means of the enzyme reverse transcriptase.
noun 1. a mode on the display screen of a computer in which the colors normally used for characters and background are reversed. reverse video noun 1. (computing) a highlighting feature achieved by reversing the colours of normal characters and background on a visual display unit
noun 1. a game played on a draughtboard with 64 pieces, black on one side and white on the other. When pieces are captured they are turned over to join the capturing player’s forces; the winner is the player who fills the board with pieces of his colour
adjective 1. capable of reversing or of being reversed. 2. capable of reestablishing the original condition after a change by the reverse of the change. 3. (of a fabric) woven or printed so that either side may be exposed. 4. that can be worn with either side out: a reversible jacket. noun 5. a garment, […]