Also called Russian Empire. Russian Rossiya. a former empire in E Europe and N and W Asia: overthrown by the 1917.
Capital: St. Petersburg (1703–1917).
a fine, smooth leather produced by careful tanning and dyeing, especially in dark red: originally prepared in Russia.
Contemporary Examples

(currently, immigrants from the region do not need visas to work in Russia) to race-based obscenities.
Neo-Nationalist Violence Targets Central Asians In Russia Anna Nemtsova November 5, 2013

Russia also has a law forbidding the construction of nuclear reactors in seismically active zones—unlike Japan.
Chernobyl’s Lessons for Fukushima on Earthquake’s First Anniversary Owen Matthews, Anna Nemtsova March 10, 2012

Russia is no longer trying to hide the fact that the Kremlin is directly involved and supporting separatist leaders in Ukraine.
Has Russia’s Invasion of Ukraine Begun? Anna Nemtsova August 21, 2014

Washington is betting that Russia and China, having come so far toward sanctions, will not back off quickly.
Iran’s Nuclear Ploy Will Backfire Michael Adler May 17, 2010

Another reason to keep an upper hand: Russia also funnels oil to Europe via a pipeline that runs directly through Ukraine.
Up to Speed: What’s Going on in Ukraine? Nina Strochlic February 18, 2014

Historical Examples

I only know that that year he came to Russia, and came to see me.
The Kreutzer Sonata and Other Stories Leo Tolstoi

Russia sought to extend her conquests south and to seize upon Turkey.
The Grand Old Man Richard B. Cook

It is not so in fact, but in Russia it is believed to be so by all classes of the population.
Russian Life To-day Right Rev. Herbert Bury

Thus was Turkey humiliated and Russia benefited, having obtained her demands.
The Grand Old Man Richard B. Cook

It will be seen that the Japanese policy involves hostility to Russia.
The Problem of China Bertrand Russell

the largest country in the world, covering N Eurasia and bordering on the Pacific and Arctic Oceans and the Baltic, Black, and Caspian Seas: originating from the principality of Muscovy in the 17th century, it expanded to become the Russian Empire; the Tsar was overthrown in 1917 and the Communist Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic was created; this merged with neighbouring Soviet Republics in 1922 to form the Soviet Union; on the disintegration of the Soviet Union in 1991 the Russian Federation was established as an independent state. Official language: Russian. Religion: nonreligious and Russian orthodox Christian. Currency: rouble. Capital: Moscow. Pop: 142 500 482 (2013 est). Area: 17 074 984 sq km (6 592 658 sq miles)
another name for the Russian Empire
another name for the former Soviet Union
another name for the former Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic
a smooth dyed leather made from calfskin and scented with birch tar oil, originally produced in Russia

1530s, from Medieval Latin Russi “the people of Russia,” from Rus, the native name of the people and the country (cf. Arabic Rus, Medieval Greek Rhos), originally the name of a group of Swedish merchant/warriors who established themselves around Kiev 9c. and founded the original Russian principality; perhaps from Ruotsi, the Finnish name for “Sweden,” from Old Norse Roþrslandi, “the land of rowing,” old name of Roslagen, where the Finns first encountered the Swedes. This is from Old Norse roðr “steering oar,” from Proto-Germanic *rothra- “rudder,” from PIE *rot-ro-, from root *ere- (1) “to row” (see row (v.)).

Derivation from the IE root for “red,” in reference to hair color, is considered less likely. Russian city-states were founded and ruled by Vikings and their descendants. The Russian form of the name, Rossiya, appears to be from Byzantine Greek Rhosia. Russification is from 1842.

A vast nation that stretches from eastern Europe across the Eurasian land mass. It was the most powerful republic of the former Soviet Union; ethnic Russians composed about half of the population. It is the world’s largest country. Its capital and largest city is Moscow.

Note: Russia was ruled by czars of the Romanov family from the seventeenth to the twentieth centuries.

Note: Peter the Great, a czar who reigned in the late seventeenth and early eighteenth centuries, attempted to westernize Russian government and culture.

Note: During the Russian Revolution of 1917, the Bolsheviks, under Lenin, took control of the government; communists governed from 1917 until 1991.

Note: Russia now occupies the seat on the Security Council of the United Nations formerly held by the Soviet Union.


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