the plant family Sapotaceae, characterized by chiefly tropical trees and shrubs having milky juice, simple leaves, small flowers, and fruit in the form of a berry, and including the buckthorn (genus Bumelia), sapodilla, star apple, and trees that are the source of gutta-percha and balata.
adjective 1. resembling soap; soapy. adjective 1. resembling soap; soapy saponaceous sap·o·na·ceous (sāp’ə-nā’shəs) adj. Having the qualities of soap.
noun 1. See soapwort
verb (used with object), saponified, saponifying. 1. to convert (a fat) into soap by treating with an alkali. 2. to decompose (any ester), forming the corresponding alcohol and acid or salt. verb (used without object), saponified, saponifying. 3. to become converted into soap. verb (chem) -fies, -fying, -fied 1. to undergo or cause to undergo […]
noun, Chemistry. 1. the number of milligrams of potassium hydroxide required to saponify one gram of a given ester, especially a glyceride.