Scarlet



noun
1.
a bright-red color inclining toward orange.
2.
cloth or clothing of this color.
adjective
3.
of the color scarlet.
4.
flagrantly offensive:
Their sins were scarlet.
noun
1.
a vivid red colour, sometimes with an orange tinge
2.
cloth or clothing of this colour
adjective
3.
of the colour scarlet
4.
sinful or immoral, esp unchaste

This dye was obtained by the Egyptians from the shell-fish Carthamus tinctorius; and by the Hebrews from the Coccus ilicis, an insect which infests oak trees, called kermes by the Arabians. This colour was early known (Gen. 38:28). It was one of the colours of the ephod (Ex. 28:6), the girdle (8), and the breastplate (15) of the high priest. It is also mentioned in various other connections (Josh. 2:18; 2 Sam. 1:24; Lam. 4:5; Nahum 2:3). A scarlet robe was in mockery placed on our Lord (Matt. 27:28; Luke 23:11). “Sins as scarlet” (Isa. 1:18), i.e., as scarlet robes “glaring and habitual.” Scarlet and crimson were the firmest of dyes, and thus not easily washed out.

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