(sometimes initial capital letter) the system of theological and philosophical teaching predominant in the Middle Ages, based chiefly upon the authority of the church fathers and of Aristotle and his commentators.
narrow adherence to traditional teachings, doctrines, or methods.
Historical Examples

In its earliest form it cannot be denied that scholasticism did good.
The Catholic World; Vol. IV.; October, 1866, to March, 1867. E. Rameur

The influence of Maimonides on Christian scholasticism is still greater.
A History of Mediaeval Jewish Philosophy Isaac Husik

A forerunner of scholasticism, he was among the first to set forth the conformity of Christian doctrine with human reason.
How France Built Her Cathedrals Elizabeth Boyle O’Reilly

scholasticism had done its work and no new movement took its place.
The Story of Paris Thomas Okey

scholasticism in the eleventh and twelfth centuries was chiefly occupied in a quarrel about Nominalism and Realism.
Morals and the Evolution of Man Max Simon Nordau

In fact, scholasticism had exalted reason as well as the will.
History of the Reformation in the Sixteenth Century (Volume 1) J. H. Merle D’Aubign

He stands forth as the most eminent intermediary between Greek-Arabic thought and Christian scholasticism.
Jewish Literature and Other Essays Gustav Karpeles

He was indeed the pinnacle of scholasticism; set upon all the rest.
The Mediaeval Mind (Volume II of II) Henry Osborn Taylor

The opening years of the fourteenth century, so fatal for the papacy, were also portentous for scholasticism.
The Mediaeval Mind (Volume II of II) Henry Osborn Taylor

It is the best specimen of the final aspect of scholasticism.
Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 3, Slice 7 Various

(sometimes capital) the system of philosophy, theology, and teaching that dominated medieval western Europe and was based on the writings of the Church Fathers and (from the 12th century) Aristotle
strict adherence to traditional doctrines

1732, from scholastic + -ism.

The philosophy and theology, marked by careful argumentation, that flourished among Christian thinkers in Europe during the Middle Ages.

Note: Central to scholastic thought is the idea that reason and faith are compatible. Scholastic thinkers such as Thomas Aquinas tried to show that ancient philosophy, especially that of Aristotle, supported and illuminated Christian faith.


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