Scratch



verb (used with object)
1.
to break, mar, or mark the surface of by rubbing, scraping, or tearing with something sharp or rough:
to scratch one’s hand on a nail.
2.
to dig, scrape, or tear (something) out or off with or as if with the nails, claws, etc.:
to scratch the burs off one’s coat.
3.
to rub or scrape slightly, as with the fingernails, to relieve itching.
4.
to rub or draw along a rough, grating surface:
to scratch a match on the sidewalk.
5.
to erase, cancel, strike out, or eliminate (a name, something written, etc.) by or as if by drawing a line through it (often followed by out):
Scratch out the third name on the list.
6.
to withdraw (an entry) from a race or competition.
7.
U.S. Politics.

to divide (one’s vote) though predominantly supporting one political party or faction.
to strike out or reject a particular name or names on (a party ticket) in voting.

8.
to write or draw by scraping or cutting the lines into a surface:
She scratched her initials on the glass.
9.
to manipulate (a phonograph record) back and forth under the stylus to produce rhythmic sounds.
verb (used without object)
10.
to use the nails, claws, etc., for tearing, digging, etc.
11.
to relieve itching by rubbing or scraping lightly, as with the fingernails.
12.
to make a slight grating noise, as a pen.
13.
to earn a living or to manage in any respect with great difficulty:
We scratched along that year on very little money.
14.
to withdraw or be withdrawn from a contest or competition.
15.
(in certain card games) to make no score; earn no points.
16.
Billiards, Pool. to make a shot that results in a penalty, especially to pocket the cue ball without hitting the object ball.
noun
17.
a slight injury, mar, or mark, usually thin and shallow, caused by scratching:
three scratches on my leg; a noticeable scratch on the table.
18.
a rough mark made by a pen, pencil, etc.; scrawl.
19.
an act of scratching.
20.
the slight grating sound caused by scratching.
21.
the starting place, starting time, or status of a competitor in a handicap who has no allowance and no penalty.
22.
Billiards, Pool.

a shot resulting in a penalty, especially a pocketing of the cue ball without hitting the object ball.
a fluke or lucky shot.

23.
(in certain card games) a score of zero; nothing.
24.
Baseball. scratch hit.
25.
scratch wig.
26.
Slang. money; cash.
adjective
27.
used for hasty writing, notes, etc.:
scratch paper.
28.
without any allowance, penalty, or handicap, as a competitor or contestant.
29.
Informal. done by or dependent on chance:
a scratch shot.
30.
Informal. gathered hastily and indiscriminately:
a scratch crew.
31.
done or made from scratch:
a scratch cake.
Idioms
32.
from scratch,

from the very beginning or starting point.
from nothing; without resources:
After the depression he started another business from scratch.

33.
up to scratch, in conformity with a certain standard; adequate; satisfactory:
The local symphony orchestra has improved this year, but it is still not up to scratch.
noun
1.
Old Scratch; Satan.
verb
1.
to mark or cut (the surface of something) with a rough or sharp instrument
2.
often foll by at, out, off, etc. to scrape (the surface of something), as with claws, nails, etc
3.
to scrape (the surface of the skin) with the nails, as to relieve itching
4.
to chafe or irritate (a surface, esp the skin)
5.
to make or cause to make a grating sound; scrape
6.
(transitive) sometimes foll by out. to erase by or as if by scraping
7.
(transitive) to write or draw awkwardly
8.
(intransitive) sometimes foll by along. to earn a living, manage, etc, with difficulty
9.
to withdraw (an entry) from a race, match, etc
10.
(intransitive) (billiards, snooker)

to make a shot resulting in a penalty
to make a lucky shot

11.
(transitive) (US) to cancel (the name of a candidate) from a party ticket in an election
12.
(Austral, informal) (intransitive) often foll by for. to be struggling or in difficulty, esp in earning a living
13.
to treat (a subject) superficially
14.
you scratch my back and I’ll scratch yours, if you will help me, I will help you
noun
15.
the act of scratching
16.
a slight injury
17.
a mark made by scratching
18.
a slight grating sound
19.
(in a handicap sport)

a competitor or the status of a competitor who has no allowance or receives a penalty
(as modifier): a scratch player

20.
the time, initial score, etc, of such a competitor
21.

the line from which competitors start in a race
(formerly) a line drawn on the floor of a prize ring at which the contestants stood to begin or continue fighting

22.
a withdrawn competitor in a race, etc
23.
(billiards, snooker)

a shot that results in a penalty, as when the cue ball enters the pocket
a lucky shot

24.
poultry food
25.
(informal) from scratch, from the very beginning
26.
(usually used with a negative) (informal) up to scratch, up to standard
adjective
27.
(sport) (of a team) assembled hastily
28.
(in a handicap sport) with no allowance or penalty
29.
(informal) rough or haphazard
scratch

1. (From “scratchpad”) Describes a data structure or recording medium attached to a machine for testing or temporary-use purposes; one that can be scribbled on without loss. Usually in the combining forms “scratch memory”, “scratch register”, “scratch disk”, “scratch tape”, “scratch volume”.
See also scratch monkey.
2. (primarily IBM) To delete (as in a file).
[Jargon File]
(1994-12-15)

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  • Scratchboard

    [skrach-bawrd, -bohrd] /ˈskrætʃˌbɔrd, -ˌboʊrd/ noun 1. a cardboard coated with impermeable white clay and covered by a layer of ink that is scratched or scraped in patterns revealing the white surface below.

  • Scratchcard

    [skrach-bawrd, -bohrd] /ˈskrætʃˌbɔrd, -ˌboʊrd/ noun 1. a cardboard coated with impermeable white clay and covered by a layer of ink that is scratched or scraped in patterns revealing the white surface below. noun 1. a ticket that reveals whether or not the holder is eligible for a prize when the surface is removed by scratching



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