Shortening



noun
1.
butter, lard, or other fat, used to make pastry, bread, etc., short.
2.
Phonetics. the act, process, or an instance of making or becoming short.
3.
Linguistics.

the act or process of dropping one or more syllables from a word or phrase to form a shorter word with the same meaning, as in forming piano from pianoforte or phone from telephone.
clipped form.

verb (used with object)
1.
to make short or shorter.
2.
to reduce, decrease, take in, etc.:
to shorten sail.
3.
to make (pastry, bread, etc.) short, as with butter or other fat.
4.
Sports. choke (def 8).
verb (used without object)
5.
to become short or shorter.
6.
(of odds) to decrease.
noun
1.
butter, lard, or other fat, used in a dough, cake mixture, etc, to make the mixture short
verb
1.
to make or become short or shorter
2.
(transitive) (nautical) to reduce the area of (sail)
3.
(transitive) to make (pastry, bread, etc) short, by adding butter or another fat
4.
(gambling) to cause (the odds) to lessen or (of odds) to become less

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